E T S Praxis Series

Elementary Education: Content Knowledge (0014/5014)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of each of the content areas covered by the test are provided below. Within each content area, the approximate percentage of examination questions is shown for each topic.

Current section: I. Reading/Language Arts

I. Reading/Language Arts

  1. Foundations of Reading (50%)
    1. Understands the foundations of literacy and reading development (e.g., language acquisition, support of second-language learners, concept of print)
    2. Understands the role of phonological awareness (e.g., rhyming, segmenting) and phonics (e.g., decoding, letter-sound correspondence, syllabication) in literacy development
    3. Understands the role of fluency (e.g., rate, accuracy) in literacy development
    4. Understands the role of vocabulary (e.g., affixes, root words, context clues) in literacy development
    5. Understands the role of comprehension (e.g., role of prior knowledge, literal and critical comprehension, metacognition) in literacy development
    6. Understands the basic elements of fiction and nonfiction texts for children
    7. Understands the basic elements of poetry (e.g., mood, rhythm) and drama (e.g., puppetry, story theater) for children
    8. Understands the uses of figurative language (e.g., metaphor, simile, alliteration)
    9. Understands how to use resource material (e.g., types of resources, graphic organizers) in reading and language arts
  1. Language in Writing (33%)
    1. Knows the components of written language (e.g., elements of grammar, usage, syntax)
    2. Knows types (e.g., narrative, persuasive, journaling) and traits (e.g., tone, purpose, audience) of writing
    3. Knows the stages of the writing process (e.g., draft, edit, publish)
    4. Knows the stages of writing development (e.g., picture, scribble, letter for words)
    5. Knows sentence types (e.g., declarative, imperative) and sentence structure (e.g., simple, compound, complex)
    6. Knows structures (e.g., description, definition, examples) and organization (e.g., descriptive, comparison/contrast, persuasion) of writing
  1. Communication Skills (Speaking, Listening, and Viewing) (17%)
    1. Understands different aspects of speaking (e.g., purpose, audience, tone)
    2. Understands different aspects of listening (e.g., following directions, responding to questions appropriately, focusing on the speaker)
    3. Understands different aspects of viewing (e.g., interpreting images, evaluating media techniques, understanding the message)
    4. Understands the role that speaking, listening, and viewing play in language acquisition for second-language learners