E T S Praxis Series

Elementary Education: Content Knowledge (0014/5014)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of each of the content areas covered by the test are provided below. Within each content area, the approximate percentage of examination questions is shown for each topic.

Current section: III. Social Studies

III. Social Studies

  1. Geography, Anthropology, Sociology (30%)
    1. Knows world and regional geography (e.g., spatial terms, places, and regions)
    2. Understands the interaction of physical and human systems (e.g., how humans change the environment, how the environment changes humans, importance of natural and human resources)
    3. Knows the uses of geography (e.g., apply geography to interpret past, to interpret present, to plan for future)
    4. Knows how people of different cultural backgrounds interact with their environment, self, family, neighborhoods, and communities
  1. World History (10%)
    1. Knows the major contributions of classical civilizations (e.g., Egypt, Greece, Rome)
    2. Understands twentieth-century developments and transformations in World history
    3. Understands the role of cross-cultural comparisons in World history instruction
    4. cross-cultural comparisons
  1. United States History (30%)
    1. Knows European exploration and colonization in United States history and growth and expansion of the United States
    2. Knows about the American Revolution and the founding of the nation in United States History
    3. Knows the major events and developments in United States history from founding to present (e.g., westward expansion, industrialization, Great Depression)
    4. Knows about twentieth-century developments and transformations in the United States (e.g., assembly line, space age)
    5. Understands connections between causes and effects of events
  1. Government, Citizenship, and Democracy (10%)
    1. Understands the nature, purpose and forms (e.g., federal, state, local) of government
    2. Knows key documents and speeches in the history of the United States (e.g., United States Constitution, Declaration of Independence, Gettysburg Address)
    3. Knows the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in a democracy
  1. Economics (10%)
    1. Knows key terms and basic concepts of economics (e.g., supply and demand, scarcity and choice, money and resources)
    2. Understands how economics effects population, resources, and technology
    3. Understands the government’s role in economics and impact of economics on government
  1. Social Studies as Inquiry and Social Studies Processes (10%)
    1. Understands social studies as inquiry (e.g., questioning, gathering data, drawing reasonable conclusions)
    2. Understands how to use resource and research material in social studies
    3. Understands process skills in social studies (e.g., interpreting different types of information; evaluating relationships; drawing conclusions using tools of the field)