E T S Praxis Series

English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content Knowledge (0041)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below.

Current section: I. Literature and Understanding Text

I. Literature and Understanding Text

  1. Identifying major works and authors of American, British, World (including non-Western), and young adult literature from various cultures, genres, and periods

  2. Paraphrasing, comparing, and interpreting (literally and inferentially) various types of print and nonprint texts, e.g., fiction, poetry, essays, drama, and graphic representations

  3. Identifying and interpreting figurative language and other literary elements, e.g., metaphor, simile, voice, point of view, tone, style, setting, diction, mood, allusions, irony, clichés, analogy, hyperbole, personification, alliteration, and foreshadowing

  4. Understanding how patterns, structures, and characteristics of literary forms and genres may influence the meaning and effect of a work

  5. Situating authors and texts within their historical, cultural, and critical contexts to aid in interpretation

  6. Recognizing and applying various strategic approaches to teaching reading, e.g., applying cueing systems, activating prior knowledge, constructing meaning through context, and employing metacognitive strategies