E T S Praxis Series

English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content Knowledge (0041)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below.

Current section: III. Composition and Rhetoric

III. Composition and Rhetoric

  1. Understanding and applying elements of teaching writing, including

    1. Individual and collaborative approaches to teaching writing, e.g., stages of writing processes (prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, publishing, evaluating) and how those stages work recursively

    2. Tools and response strategies for assessing student writing, e.g., peer review, portfolios, holistic scoring, scoring rubrics, self-assessment, and conferencing

    3. Common research and documentation techniques, e.g., gathering and evaluating data, using electronic and print media, and citing sources

  1. Understanding and evaluating rhetorical features in writing, including

    1. Purposes for writing and the nature of the audience within varying contexts

    2. Organization in writing, including creating and maintaining coherence

    3. Strategies for the organization, development, and presentation of print, electronic, and visual media

    4. Discourse aims, e.g., creative, expository, persuasive

    5. Methods of argument and types of appeals, e.g., analogy, extended metaphor, allusion, and appeals to logic or emotion

    6. Style, tone, voice, and point of view as part of rhetorical strategy

    7. Recognition of bias and fallacies, distinctions between fact and opinion, and identification of stereotypes, inferences, and assumptions