E T S Praxis Series

Middle School Mathematics (0069)

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Mathematical Process Categories

In addition to having knowledge of the mathematics content explicitly described in the Content Categories section, entry-level middle school mathematics teachers must also be able to think mathematically; moreover, they must have an understanding of the ways in which mathematical content knowledge is acquired and used. Answering questions on this assessment may involve one or more of the processes described in the process categories below, and all of the processes may be applied to any of the content topics.

Mathematical Problem Solving

Mathematical Reasoning and Proof

Mathematical Connections

Mathematical Representation

Use of Technology