E T S Praxis Series

Social Studies: Content Knowledge (0081)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below.

Current section: I. United States History

I. United States History

  • Understands basic North American geography, peoples, and cultures prior to European colonization.
  • Understands how and why European colonies in North America were founded and developed.
  • Understands how European, African, and Native American peoples interacted in North America during the colonial period.
  • Understands the origins of the American Revolution and its impact on the founding of the United States.
  • Understands the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights, the context that led to their writing and adoption, and their impact on the political development of the early United States.
  • Understands the causes and consequences of territorial expansion of the United States.
  • Understands the causes and consequences of nineteenth-century sectionalism, the Civil War, and Reconstruction.
  • Understands the relationships among industrialization, urbanization, and immigration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
  • Understands the political, economic, social, and cultural developments from the Progressive Era through the New Deal.
  • Understands the causes of United States participation in the First and Second World Wars and the consequences of the wars at home and abroad.
  • Understands the origins, development, and consequences of the Cold War both abroad and domestically.
  • Understands the impact of social, economic, and technological changes in the latter half of the twentieth century (e.g., counterculture, globalization, information age).
  • Understands the political realignment from the New Deal and the Great Society through the rise of conservatism.
  • Understands the ongoing impact of race, gender, and ethnicity throughout American history.
  • Understands how participants in the political process (e.g., presidents, the judiciary, Congress, political parties) engage in politics and shape policy.
  • Understands the emergence of the United States as a world power and the evolving role of the United States in the world.
  • Understands the influence of religion throughout American history.
  • Understands major economic transformations that occurred in the United States (e.g., changes in technology, business, and labor).
  • Understands the causes and consequences of changing patterns of immigration to the United States and internal migration within the United States.
  • Understands the struggles and achievements of individuals and groups for greater political and civil rights throughout United States history.