E T S Praxis Series

Middle School Social Studies (0089)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below.

Current section: II. World History

II. World History

  1. Chronological Developments in World History

    • Knows the formation, organization, and contributions of early civilizations in Africa, Europe and Asia in the period 8000 B.C.E. to 1000 B.C.E. and the Americas in the period 2000 B.C.E. to 1500 C.E.
    • Knows the formation, organization, and contributions of the classical civilizations of Greece, Rome, Persia, India and China in the period 1000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.
    • Knows how civilizations changed as a result of invasions, trade, and the spread of Islam and Christianity in the period 300 to 1400 C.E.
    • Knows causes and effects of the Renaissance, Reformation and Enlightenment in the period 1400 to 1800 C.E.
    • Knows major causes and effects of growing global interactions in the period 1200 to 1750 C.E. (e.g., Columbian Exchange, colonization, the Plague).
    • Knows major causes and effects of revolutions, nationalism and imperialism in the period 1750 to 1914.
    • Knows major ideological, economic, and political causes and effects of the First and Second World Wars and the Cold War (e.g., Russian Revolution, decolonization).
    • Knows major developments of the post–Cold War world (e.g., growth of the globalized economy, rise of fundamentalism and nationalism).
  1. Major Themes in World History

    • Understands how scientific inquiry, technological innovations and adaptations shaped world societies.
    • Understands the role of major world religions in shaping societies and effecting major historical turning points (e.g., the spread of Buddhism, the Crusades, Hinduism).
    • Knows the role of trade and other forms of economic exchange (e.g., tribute, gift giving) both within societies and in contacts between societies.
    • Knows major political ideologies that have influenced the organization of societies in the modern world (e.g., fascism, liberalism, nationalism).
    • Understands major economic transformations that have affected world societies (e.g., feudalism, spread of the market economy, industrialization).
    • Understands the roles of both conflict (e.g., imperialism) and cooperation (e.g., United Nations) in shaping and transforming societies.
    • Knows major demographic trends (e.g., urbanization, migration, population growth) in world history and their effects.
    • Knows how exploration (e.g., continental, overseas, outer space) affects human societies.
    • Understands how struggles for human rights and individual expression shaped various societies.