E T S Praxis Series

Physical Education: Content Knowledge (0091/5091)

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Sample Test Questions

Current section: Multiple Choice > Answers


  1. In walking and running, each foot performs a single task before the other foot takes over. In galloping, each foot performs a single task, but one foot "walks" while the other foot "leaps." In skipping, each foot both "walks" and "hops" before the other foot takes over. Therefore, D is the correct answer.

  2. Choices A, B, and D are all characteristic of intermediate or advanced levels of performing the forward roll. Choice C is characteristic of early or primitive stages of performing the forward roll and is the correct answer.

  3. Choices A, B, and C are all generally accepted as essential elements of mature striking form. "Following through" with the swing is also an essential element, and thus D is the correct answer.

  4. Although most players, even at fairly advanced levels, will have better control with the dominant foot than with the nondominant foot, it is still essential that practice in dribbling at every level emphasize use of both feet. D is the correct answer.

  5. Choice A is the correct answer because progression and overload are the terms used in discussions of fitness that refer to adjusting the amount of exercise to a person's present capacity (overload) and gradually increasing the amount of exercise over time to improve the level of fitness (progression).

  6. Choice B is the correct answer because it is the only option that does not include at least one item that does not increase in a linear fashion as oxygen consumption increases.

  7. The primary role in the development of physical education in the nineteenth century was played by physicians interested in anthropometric measurement and other medically related subjects. A is the correct answer.

  8. The best answer is B. A sport is described by most sociologists as an institutionalized activity. An activity becomes a sport after undergoing a process through which behaviors and organization become standardized over time. As a sport, the activity takes on fundamental characteristics such as official rule enforcement, equipment regulations, and formalized skills (see Jay J. Coakley, Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies).

  9. The definition of angular motion clearly covers all three of the movements listed; therefore, D is the correct answer.

  10. All three activities require that their participants maintain a compact arrangement of the body so that it can move smoothly through the medium (air or water) that is involved. C is the correct answer, because the failure to observe this compact bodily arrangement would hinder movement by creating turbulence.

  11. Choice C describes a method of practice that involves working on specific elements of a skill in isolation. Because this method allows those elements of a skill that present the greatest risk of injury to be mastered under controlled conditions before the skill is attempted "whole" and under real conditions, C is the correct answer.

  12. This question is based on a standard textbook discussion of the rationale for warm-down following vigorous physical activity, which clearly establishes A, B, and D as real effects of proper warm-down procedures. C is not such an effect and is thus the correct answer.

  13. The correct answer is C. Static balance means to hold the position in place. A student who is skipping across a gymnasium is using movement to propel themselves from one place to another. All of the other choices have the person holding the position in place.

  14. The correct answer is C. Bocce is a game that is truly a target game. Basketball and Lacrosse both involve shooting the ball at a target or goal, but because of the nature of offensive and defensive play they are considered invasion games. Badminton is a net/wall game in the same class as tennis, volleyball, racquetball, and handball.

  15. The correct answer is B. A closed skill is one in which the environment remains stable and predictable and the performer knows what to do and when to do it. Choice B allows the performer to practice the skill at a stable rate, moving to varying rates as mastery is attained. Closed skills are habitual and follow set patterns from beginning to end. Choices C and D are incorrect because they call for a varying environment.

  16. The correct answer is D. The least appropriate among the choices would be to have students exercise at or below 50 percent of maximal heart rate. The way to maintain or increase fitness is to exercise in the target heart zone. Students in physical education classes should be exercising in this way. Safety procedures for a physical education program would include inspection of facilities, marking areas for safety, and having students read and know rules for activities.

  17. The correct answer is B. Differentiated instruction allows students to access information using different avenues. It addresses the multiple learning styles that students have. In physical education, a writing assignment would integrate writing skills into the lessons instead of only using physical ability and effort to assess students. In this activity there is no set criterion to compare to, there is no recall of information, and this activity, as is, would not be characterized as standards-based.

  18. The correct answer is B. The cognitive domain deals with the acquisition of knowledge and the development of intellectual skills. Affective deals with people's feelings, Psychomotor deals with physical manipulations, and Associative is not a domain within Bloom's Taxonomy.

  19. The correct answer is B. By using a video camera students are able to check their technique against a properly executed technique, detect the differences, and make corrections.

  20. The correct answer is C. NASPE is an association of the American Alliance for Health, Physical education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD). NASPE's mission is to enhance knowledge, improve professional practice, and increase support for high quality physical education, sport, and physical activity programs through research, the development of standards, and the dissemination of information.

  21. The correct answer is A. The Brockport Physical Fitness Test (BPFT) is a criterion-referenced health-related test of physical fitness appropriate for students with disabilities. The BPFT is customized to meet the needs of all students with varying abilities.

  22. The correct answer is A. All three items in choice A are critical when implementing a classroom management plan. All of the other different strategies listed in choices B, C, and D are either not critical or have nothing to do with classroom management.

  23. The correct answer is C. Authentic assessment uses a rubric. Choices A and B are incorrect because neither mentions the use of a rubric, while choice D is not a recommended best practice in physical education.

  24. The correct answer is C. Training at a level between about 60% and 85% of maximal heart rate increases the benefit of the exercise and decreases the chances of developing cardiac diseases if the exercise is done on a regular basis.