E T S Praxis Series

Physical Education: Content Knowledge (0091/5091)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below.

Current section: III. Planning, Instruction, and Student Assessment

III. Planning, Instruction, and Student Assessment

  • Planning and Instruction
    1. Teaching of skillful movement, physical activity, and fitness via pedagogy, sociology, psychology, anatomy and physiology, exercise physiology, biomechanics and kinesiology, motor development and motor learning
    2. Sequencing of motor skill activities and use of movement concepts and effective strategies to improve learning in physical education activities and to improve skill development
    3. Provision of feedback to enhance skill development
    4. Activities designed to improve health-related and skill-related fitness
    5. Current issues, trends, and laws affecting the choice of appropriate physical education activities
    6. Identification, development, and implementation of appropriate program and instructional goals and objectives
    7. Development of unit and lesson plans based on local, state, and national standards, program goals, instructional goals, and students' needs
    8. Appropriate instructional strategies to facilitate learning in the physical activity setting based on selected content, students' needs, safety concerns, facilities and equipment, and instructional models
    9. Use of teaching resources and curriculum materials to design learning experiences
    10. Explanations, demonstrations, and appropriate instructional cues and prompts to link physical activity concepts to learning experiences and to facilitate motor skill performance
    11. General and specific safety and injury prevention guidelines for planning of movement and fitness activities (e.g., first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation)
  • Student Assessment
    1. Assessment of student skill performance and fitness via a variety of tools (e.g., observations, data, charts, graphs, rating scales)
    2. Gathering of data and assessment of student learning in the cognitive and affective domains by a variety of techniques (e.g., written assessments, rating scales, observations)
    3. Understanding of fitness assessments such as President's Challenge and Fitnessgram
    4. Types of assessments and assessment methods (e.g., formative, summative, authentic, portfolio, standardized, rubric, criterion referenced, norm referenced)
    5. Validity, reliability, bias, and ways of interpreting assessment results
    6. Appropriate assessment techniques to assess and improve students' understanding and performance, provide feedback, communicate students' progress, guide students' personal goal setting, and guide curricular and instructional decisions
    7. Involvement of students in self-assessment and peer assessment
    8. Appropriate assessment of students with individuals
    9. Referral procedures under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act