E T S Praxis Series

Middle School Content Knowledge (0146/5146)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below. Within each content area, the approximate percentage of examination questions is shown for each topic.

Current section: III. History/Social Studies

III. History/Social Studies

Focus is on essential understanding of important historical events and issues and basic social science concepts. Because history and the social sciences are best seen as mutually enriching, most questions will require knowledge of both history and the social sciences.

Since critical thinking skills are integral to essential understandings, most questions will require the exercise of such skills. In many instances, examinees will be asked to utilize these skills in demonstrating an understanding of original documents, such as maps, charts, graphs, cartoons, and short quotations.

History: all questions in the History/Social Studies area require knowledge of history except for one question that has a non-historical perspective

  • United States history (50%)
    • Native American civilizations
    • European exploration and colonization
    • the American revolution and the founding of the nation
    • growth of the new republic
    • the Civil War and Reconstruction: causes and consequences
    • industrialization of America
    • World War I: causes and consequences
    • post-World War I America
    • World War II: causes and consequences
    • post-World War II America
  • World history (45%)
    • prehistory and the development of early civilizations
    • classical civilizations
    • development of world religions
    • feudalism in Japan and Europe
    • Chinese and Indian empires
    • sub-Saharan kingdoms and cultures
    • Islamic civilization
    • civilizations of the Americas
    • rise and expansion of Europe
    • European developments
    • nationalism and imperialism
    • twentieth-century ideologies and conflicts
  • Nonhistorical perspective (5%)
    • social science questions not posed in historical context

Social Sciences: most questions in the History/Social Studies area require knowledge of social science as well as history. For those questions that require knowledge of both history and social science, the approximate percentages that require knowledge in each social science area are given below

  • Government and politics (20%)
    • political concepts and theories
    • United States political system
  • Geography (35 %)
    • map and globe skills
    • physical geography
    • cultural geography
    • political geography
    • economic geography
    • regional geography
  • Economics (25%)
    • basic economic concepts
    • government's role in the economy
  • Anthropology and sociology (20%)
    • definitions, research methods, techniques of study
    • human culture, social organization
    • how cultures change