E T S Praxis Series

Reading Specialist (0300)

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Sample Test Questions

Current section: Multiple Choice > Questions

The sample questions that follow illustrate the kinds of questions in the test. They are not, however, representative of the entire scope of the test in either content or difficulty. Answers with explanations follow the questions.

Directions:  Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers. For each item, select the response that best answers the question or completes the statement.

  1. A class of third graders and their teacher are reading a brief passage. During the activity, the teacher uses a "think aloud" while reading orally. The teacherís purpose for using this technique is primarily to

    1. encourage children to pay attention and read along
    2. sequence important story events
    3. verbalize predictions, relationships to prior knowledge, and self-corrections
    4. model expressive oral reading and appropriate phrasing
    5. retell the story using simplified vocabulary and clear explanations
  2. According to research, which of the following is the single most important home-based activity for preschool children in building the knowledge required for childrenís eventual success in reading?

    1. Memorizing nursery rhymes
    2. Talking with parents about school
    3. Practicing the alphabet
    4. Being read to by parents
    5. Having parents define unfamiliar words
  3. Of the following, the most important skill to be acquired by a good oral reader is

    1. precise articulation
    2. accurate pronunciation
    3. proper pitch
    4. reading in meaningful units
    5. reading loudly
  4. Studies of the teaching of reading comprehension skills conducted by Dolores Durkin and other researchers indicate that teachers most frequently ask instructional questions that elicit which of the following?

    1. Creative interpretations of text
    2. Applications of information to real-life situations
    3. Literal recall of information
    4. Critical analysis of relationships
    5. Affective responses to reading selections
  5. The student missed 20 of the 138 words in the passage. For this student, the passage is most likely at which level?

    1. Critical reading
    2. Frustration
    3. Independent
    4. Instructional
    5. Mastery
  6. A kindergarten student segments the word "smiled" in the following way: s-m-ie-l-d. Which of the following best identifies how the student segments the word?

    1. Syllables
    2. Phonemes
    3. Morphemes
    4. Graphophonemes
    5. Consonant cluster
  7. Of the following, the most effective activity for providing vocabulary practice at the intermediate level is to ask students to

    1. write each new word a specified number of times while subvocalizing its pronunciation
    2. look up the meaning of each new word in the dictionary and copy each definition
    3. consult a thesaurus to find other words that mean nearly the same as the new words
    4. write a paragraph in which each new word presented during the lesson must be used
    5. engage in word-association activities to broaden studentsí range of choices for expressing their ideas
  8. According to research, effective vocabulary instruction integrates new information with familiar information. Which of the following approaches would best provide such integration?

    1. Dictionary reference
    2. Root word
    3. Rote memorization
    4. Oral modeling
    5. Semantic feature analysis
  9. Which of the following is considered the first step in a directed reading lesson?

    1. The students read the text aloud.
    2. The students answer comprehension questions.
    3. The students look up unfamiliar words in a dictionary.
    4. The teacher summarizes the text.
    5. The teacher discusses with the students key concepts related to the text topic.

  10. pet week when clean
    reel she team creek
    west help keep me

    After a lesson on the differences between vowels and consonants, a first-grade teacher asks the students to place each of the words listed above into one of two columns. One column is headed "CVC or CVCC." The other column is headed "CVVC or CVCe." The purpose of this activity is to help students learn

    1. words with diphthongs and short vowels
    2. two spelling patterns for long e and one for short e
    3. spelling patterns for 1–controlled vowels
    4. words with consonant digraphs
    5. words with unaccented final syllables
  11. A reading specialist involved with the selection of materials should judge textbooks according to

    1. curriculum objectives and studentsí reading levels
    2. studentsí performance on standardized tests
    3. studentsí self-concepts, feelings, and attitudes
    4. classroom teachersí preferences in textbook format
    5. classroom learning conditions
  12. Many individuals have difficulty recognizing the value of program research and evaluation. The reading specialist can best respond to this problem by doing which of the following?

    1. De-emphasizing the evaluation component of the curriculum
    2. Conducting in-service seminars related to evaluation
    3. Ordering multiple texts on program evaluation
    4. Emphasizing the philosophy of the school administration toward evaluation
    5. Stressing adherence to national trends and practices