E T S Praxis Series

Reading Specialist (0300)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below.

Current section: II. Application of Theoretical and Knowledge Bases of Reading in Instruction

II. Application of Theoretical and Knowledge Bases of Reading in Instruction

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between reading and writing instruction and of how writing and reading support each other at different developmental levels
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of how to construct instructional plans in which assessment, goals, instruction, and reassessment are connected and continuous
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of explicit instructional strategies to teach students how to monitor their own word identification strategies, comprehension, and comprehension strategies
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of instructional approaches to foster higher-order, critical, reflective thinking about text
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of different decoding strategies and of instructional approaches to teach students how to use them
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the instruction of comprehension strategies, including modeling when and how to orchestrate multiple comprehension strategies and their scaffolding
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of explicit instruction and scaffolding for learning study skills and strategies (e.g., note taking and test taking)
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of how to evaluate the level of text difficulty and appropriateness of reading materials and programs for a variety of instructional purposes and learning situations
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how literacy practices and needs differ across content areas (e.g., science, math, history, art)
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how to appropriately use texts (e.g., nonprint materials, media, trade books, textbooks, and electronic texts) within diverse genres for multiple purposes and life-long learning
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of a variety of childrenís/adolescentís literature, including multicultural literature, and how to mediate it to enhance instruction
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how technology can be used to enhance instruction
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how to teach students to recursively apply strategies for planning, drafting, revising, and editing texts to different genres for a variety of purposes and audiences
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the purpose of publication of student writing in literacy acquisition
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of deliberate vocabulary instruction across grades and content areas
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of how to plan and implement instruction that addresses the strengths and needs of all students
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of instructional decisions to accommodate learners with social, cultural, linguistic, and cognitive differences
  1. Demonstrate knowledge of various instructional grouping strategies to motivate and engage all students (e.g., flexible, whole class, small group, individual, ability/achievement) and the issues associated with each
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how to create a safe and respectful learning environment for all students
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of how to organize programmatic activities to encourage reading (e.g., book groups, read-a-thons) with an understanding of differences between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation