E T S Praxis Series

Speech-Language Pathology (0330)

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Sample Test Questions

Current section: Multiple Choice > Questions

Answers

  1. The best answer is C. Palatopharyngeal insufficiency or, more specifically, velopharyngeal insufficiency is the major cause of the hypernasal speech associated with cleft palate. The other choices are incorrect because otitis media is not congenital; in cleft palate, the maxillary arch is often collapsed and thus is narrow; learned patterns are not organic; and irregular vocal fold abduction is not associated with cleft palate.

  2. The best answer is B. Reliability is the consistency with which a test measures or the degree to which repeated measurement with the same instrument of the same individual would tend to produce the same result. Larger values indicate greater reliability; a reliability of 0.90 or greater is desirable for a test to be used in making decisions about individuals.

  3. Choices C, D, and E mention disorders that are progressive in nature. Choice B describes a problem that is diffused or dispersed throughout the head with major impairments to the nerves, whereas the best answer, A, is more limited in scope and therefore most likely to be amenable to therapy or treatment.

  4. Generalization probes are a principal feature of phonological therapy. The answer choices require the clinician to pay attention to position of the fricative sound in a word and also to the wordís syllable structure. Of the choices, only D meets these criteria and is thus the best answer.

  5. The parents have described adequate syntactic and semantic knowledge by the child. Testing in English confirms similar strengths. An area that has been identified as a weakness is pragmatics and social rules for interaction. The best answer, therefore, is D.

  6. When dementia is associated with Parkinsonís disease, it is usually irreversible. Therefore, the family or caregivers must understand the nature of the linguistic and intellectual problems, as well as learn how to maximize the abilities of the client. The sooner the family or caregivers are made aware of the condition of the client, the better the intervention is likely to be. Therefore, The best answer is B.

  7. All measures discussed demonstrate improvement. There is no certainty that the nodules are gone or that the voice is still abnormal. Perturbation, having gone down, shows some improvement. Based only on the data shown, one could say that there is some improvement. Therefore, A is the best answer.

  8. According to the 2003 Code of Ethics of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), the best answer, D, is allowed. The other choices are not approved and are discussed in Principle of Ethics I, Rule C, Rule F, and Rule G, among others.

  9. According to the 2003 ASHA Code of Ethics, Principle of Ethics I, Rule H, a speech-language pathologist can make general statements about a clientís prognosis. The other choices are contrary to the spirit of this ethical position. Therefore, D is the best answer.