E T S Praxis Series

Speech-Language Pathology (0330)

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Sample Test Questions

Current section: Multiple Choice > Questions

The sample questions that follow illustrate the kinds of questions in the test. They are not, however, representative of the entire scope of the test in either content or difficulty.

Directions:  Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case.

  1. Which of the following is the major physical or organic factor underlying impairment in the speech of persons with cleft palate?

    1. Congenital hearing loss from otitis media
    2. Broad irregular maxillary arch
    3. Palatopharyngeal insufficiency
    4. Maintenance of learned neuromuscular patterns
    5. Irregular vocal fold abduction
  2. A speech-language pathologist determines the mean length of utterance (MLU) of a language sample from a three-year-old child. Two weeks later, the same clinician reevaluates the same sample and again determines the MLU. The extent to which the two scores are similar is most directly a function of the

    1. validity of the scores
    2. reliability of the scores
    3. skewness of the score distribution
    4. efficiency of administration
    5. speededness of the measure
  3. A speech-language pathologist is providing services to adults with neurogenic disorders of communication. Of the following clients, which will likely have the most favorable management prognosis?

    1. John, who has a brain injury resulting in a slight concussion
    2. Jim, who has a traumatic brain injury resulting in paralysis
    3. Mary, who has Alzheimerís disease
    4. Juan, who has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    5. Helen, who has Huntingtonís chorea
  4. The clinician has targeted the phonological process of "stopping on initial fricatives" for remediation and is using the word "shoes" to establish the new behavior. The clinician now wishes to investigate whether the speaker can generalize the newly learned pattern to untrained words. If it is assumed that generalization will occur on words whose phonetic characteristics are most like the trained word "shoes," which of the following words should be selected?

    1. shouting
    2. fished
    3. ocean
    4. shook
    5. mission
  5. The Spanish-speaking parents of a nine-year-old bilingual child report that their child communicates in Spanish with complete utterances and has a good vocabulary in comparison to other children in the neighborhood. Their concern is that the child interrupts their conversations and has not learned social rules that are important within the family and community. Testing confirms similar problems in English-speaking settings. The speech-language pathologist would most likely recommend that therapy focus on which of the following language areas?

    1. Syntax
    2. Morphology
    3. Semantics
    4. Pragmatics
    5. Semantic relations
  6. A 60-year-old man has Parkinsonís disease and is in the early stage of dementia. It would be appropriate to address which of the following goals first in therapy?

    1. To improve articulation skills
    2. To educate the family or caregivers
    3. To decrease jargon
    4. To decrease circumlocution
    5. To improve motor skills

  7. Pretherapy Current
    Pitch 175 Hz 200 Hz
    Phonation duration 10 sec. 15 sec.
    Perturbation 1.2 .68
    Average airflow during connected speech 100 ml/sec. 150 ml/sec.

    An adult female has received 20 sessions of voice therapy for hoarseness related to vocal nodules, and the data above for pre- and post-evaluation measures are compared. Which of the following is most strongly indicated by the data?

    1. The patientís voice is improving.
    2. The patientís voice is deteriorating.
    3. Perturbation is worse, but the other measures are better.
    4. The patientís voice is still abnormal.
    5. The vocal nodules are gone.
  8. A speech-language pathologist is behaving ethically if he or she does which of the following?

    1. Refuses to deliver professional services on the basis of a clientís sexual orientation.
    2. Offers to provide speech or language services solely by correspondence for an individual whose handicapping condition prevents easy access to the professionalís office.
    3. Diagnoses a speech disorder solely through correspondence as long as the correspondence is thorough and careful.
    4. Offers general information of an educational nature by correspondence.
    5. Indicates the specific duration of the therapeutic program.
  9. Which of the following statements best characterizes the ethics of formulating prognoses for clients with speech and language disorders?

    1. No assessment is complete until a precise statement can be formulated regarding the prognosis.
    2. Since offering a favorable prognosis is essentially equivalent to guaranteeing the results of a therapy program, it is unethical to make specific statements regarding prognosis.
    3. The extreme complexity of speech and language processes and behaviors makes it impossible to formulate prognoses.
    4. After an assessment has been completed, it is usually appropriate to make some general statements about prognosis.
    5. A clinicianís ability to make prognostic statements depends on the availability of standardized tests to quantify the severity of a speech and language disorder.