E T S Praxis Series

Education of Exceptional Students: Core Content Knowledge (0353)

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Answers

  1. The correct answer is C. According to IDEA, an IEP must be in effect before special education and related services are provided to an eligible student. None of the other choices is required. The objectives in an IEP are ordinarily for a single year, so A is not correct. B is not the correct answer because what IDEA requires is that an IEP include a statement of the services and aids to be provided to the child. For some students with disabilities, this will include assistive devices, but many students with disabilities do not require such devices. Although special education teachers certainly have access to their students' IEP's, IDEA requires that regular education teachers and other service providers who are responsible for implementing a student's IEP have access to it as well, so D is not the correct answer.

  2. The correct answer is D. Of the choices given, discussing examples of Michael's work best addresses the purpose of the meeting. Asking parents to compare their child's work with that of another student, as in option A, is not appropriate. B is not correct because this is not an IEP meeting, and because, while the parents have input into their child's IEP, it is not appropriate for the teacher to ask parents to propose objectives. C is not correct because the comparison it suggests is unlikely to be informative.

  3. The correct answer is C. Response cost needs to be tied to the occurrence of a specific, observable behavior. Only C meets this criterion.

  4. The correct answer is B. None of the other conditions occurs as a result of brain injury.

  5. IDEA requires that an IFSP include plans for the transition to preschool, so B is the best answer. IFSP's do not include budgets, so A is not the correct answer. The techniques and recommendation cited in choices C and D are optional in an IFSP, but, unlike the transition plan mentioned in B, they are not required by IDEA.

  6. The correct answer is A. In inclusion settings, an appropriate role for the special education teacher is as a co-teacher with the general education teacher. The special education teacher should not be the assistant to the general education teacher, so B is not correct. While the special education teacher may observe the general education teacher and offer recommendations on working with classified students, this is done in the role of collaborating professional, not in the role of evaluator; so C is not correct. D is not correct because, although the special education teacher may have primary responsibility for behavior management with certain special education students, the teachers should share responsibility for both behavior management and academic content.

  7. B is the correct answer. The ecological perspective emphasizes the importance of interactions between the child and the child's environment in emotional and behavioral disorders. A is not correct; the ecological perspective on emotional and behavioral disorders does not refer to the influence of toxins in the physical environment. Neither C nor D defines this perspective.

  8. A is the correct answer. Culture is the way in which each person is socialized from infancy to perceive and interpret what is happening and to determine the appropriate way to behave. Acknowledging those differences (A) allows a teacher to take into account a student's cultural background. (B) is incorrect because a student's culture consists of a broad range of characteristics not necessarily attributed to stereotypical notions. (C) Simply demonstrating an attitude of openness does not indicate that the teacher will be able to differentiate between behaviors and disabilities. (D) is not correct because the student may belong to a different cultural group than the dominant one and thereby exhibit behaviors that are different.

  9. A is the correct answer. It provides two key justifications for the use of task analysis. B is incorrect because, although the skill it describes is a possible benefit of using task analysis, it is not the basic rationale for the use of task analysis. C is not correct because the learning of classification skills is not a primary objective of task analysis. D is not correct because individualization of instruction is always important in instructing students with disabilities.

  10. The correct answer is D because Mary's achievement score indicates high mathematical ability; 9 is the highest possible stanine score. On the basis of the information presented, the most appropriate placement is the advanced class. None of the other choices is appropriate to her high mathematical ability. Despite her learning disabilities, it is entirely possible that she could, perhaps with support, undertake an advanced class in an area of strength.

  11. The best answer is C. Since Mustafa's functioning is age appropriate in most respects, it is probable that he could work at the level of the class in a general education setting as long as he is provided with appropriate support services to address his expressive language deficit. There is no clear justification for a full-time special education setting, as in choice A, as the initial placement for a young child with a very specific expressive language delay and no other disability. There is no evidence that Mustafa needs support for either mathematics or reading, so B and D are not correct.

  12. The correct answer is D. IDEA 2004 makes provision for students who are classified as autistic A. In B, those students who have a language impairment receive services under the classification of communication handicapped. Students who have multiple disabilities can receive services under the classification of severe and multiple disabilities. D is the only disability indicated that does not have a specific provision. IDEA 2004 does not specifically address ADD; however, students who are diagnosed with ADD can receive services under the classification of "other health impaired".