E T S Praxis Series

Education of Exceptional Students: Core Content Knowledge (0353)

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Sample Test Questions

Current section: Multiple Choice > Questions

The sample questions that follow illustrate the kinds of questions in the test. They are not, however, representative of the entire scope of the test in either content or difficulty. Answers with explanations follow the questions.

Directions:  Each of the questions or incomplete statements is followed by four suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case.

Note: In the sample questions and answers, the 2004 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act will be referred to as IDEA 2004. An Individualized Education Program will be referred to as an IEP.

  1. Which of the following is an accurate statement about what IDEA requires for any IEP?

    1. The IEP must include a multiyear outline of instructional objectives.
    2. The IEP must include a section on assistive devices, regardless of the nature or degree of the student's disability.
    3. The IEP must be in effect before special education services or related services are provided.
    4. The IEP must not be made available to any school personnel except special education teachers.
  2. Michael, a high school student with a learning disability, receives resource-room instruction in English. Michael's parents have requested a conference with the resource-room teacher two months after the start of the school year to discuss his progress in writing. Which of the following would be the most appropriate item for the teacher's agenda for this meeting?

    1. Ask the parents to compare Michael's written work with that of another student.
    2. Ask the parents to propose new instructional objectives for the written-expression section of Michael's IEP.
    3. Offer a comparison of Michael's recent grades on writing assignments with his achievement-test scores from the previous year.
    4. Show the parents a folder of Michael's written work, and discuss apparent strengths and weaknesses.
  3. As an intervention, response cost is best suited for which of the following purposes?

    1. Improving students' understanding of directions
    2. Increasing the speed of performance in mathematics
    3. Decreasing the incidence of angry outbursts
    4. Decreasing excessive competitiveness among students
  4. Which of the following is a nondegenerative disorder that affects motor function as a result of brain injury that occurred before, during, or shortly after birth?

    1. Multiple sclerosis
    2. Cerebral palsy
    3. Muscular dystrophy
    4. Cystic fibrosis
  5. Under the provisions of IDEA, an Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) for a 2-year-old child will most probably include

    1. a budget for early-intervention services
    2. plans for making the transition into preschool
    3. techniques for the family to use in introducing academic subjects
    4. a recommendation of counseling for the child's siblings
  6. In inclusion settings, the most appropriate role for the special education teacher is to

    1. co-teach with the general education teacher
    2. serve as an instructional assistant to the general education teacher
    3. observe the general education teacher at regular intervals and write formal evaluations of the teacher for the principal
    4. manage the behavior of the students receiving special education while the general education teacher presents academic content
  7. Which of the following statements best defines the ecological perspective on emotional and behavioral disorders?

    1. Poisons in the physical environment cause emotional and behavioral disorders.
    2. Emotional and behavioral disorders involve interactions between the child and the child's social environment.
    3. Children with emotional and behavioral disorders need exposure to an ever-broadening social environment.
    4. Inclusion settings are less beneficial for students with emotional and behavioral disorders than for students with other types of disabilities.
  8. Which of the following approaches ensures that teachers do not mistake exceptionality for ethnicity?

    1. Acknowledging different cultural perspectives
    2. Assuming all individuals in a particular cultural group will act the same
    3. Demonstrating an attitude of openness for other cultural groups
    4. Interpreting all behavior on the basis of norms for the dominant cultural group
  9. Which of the following is the basic rationale for using task analysis in instructing students with disabilities?

    1. Instruction is delivered in steps that are easily achievable and that promote student success.
    2. Students can eventually learn to analyze assigned tasks themselves.
    3. Students learn classification skills by identifying similar aspects of different kinds of tasks.
    4. Instruction can be delivered effectively to many students at once without need for individualization.
  10. Mary is a seventh-grade student who has a learning disability. She attends a large school that groups students by demonstrated ability. Her mathematics achievement score indicates that she has a stanine of 9. Which of the following mathematics classes would most probably be appropriate for Mary?

    1. Remedial mathematics class
    2. Functional mathematics class
    3. Standard mathematics class
    4. Advanced mathematics class
  11. Mustafa is a 5-year-old who has been assessed and found to have a mild expressive language delay. His hearing is normal, and his functioning in all areas other than expressive language is age appropriate. The placement that would be most appropriate for Mustafa is probably

    1. a self-contained special education class with speech and language services
    2. part-time placement in a resource room for mathematics and reading
    3. full-time general education placement with speech and language services
    4. full-time general education placement with mathematics and reading support

Directions:  The question below differs from the preceding questions in that it contains the word NOT. So that you understand fully the basis that is to be used in selecting the answer, be sure to read the question carefully.

  1. IDEA 2004 does NOT include specific provisions for students who have been identified as having

    1. autism
    2. language impairments
    3. multiple disabilities
    4. attention deficit disorder