E T S Praxis Series

Middle School Science (0439)

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Topics Covered

Representative descriptions of topics covered in each category are provided below.

Current section: VII. Short Content Essays

VII. Short Content Essays

This part of the test contains three constructed-response questions. In each edition of the test one question will deal witha topic in each of the following content areas: Physical Sciences (Chemistry/Physics), Life Sciences, and Earth/Space Sciences. A description of the topics in these content areas can be found in the description of the multiple choice section of the test.

In addition, the questions will assess each of the following skills:

  1. Concepts and Models (1 QUESTION)

    This question assesses one or more of the following competencies:

    1. Formulate scientific concepts correctly and identify and correct improperly formulated concepts
    1. Use models (defined as ideas or constructs created as tentative descriptions of structures or processes in nature) to communicate concepts and to explain natural phenomena
  1. Data Analysis, Experimental Design, and Investigations (1 QUESTION)

    This question assesses one or more of the following competencies:

    1. Analyze and interpret data obtained from an experiment or investigation, including graphical data
    1. Design an experiment or investigation that tests a simple hypothesis
    1. Describe a laboratory or field demonstration that would illustrate a fundamental scientific concept
  1. Systems: Patterns and Processes (1 QUESTION)

    This question assesses the following competency:

    1. Analyze relationships among the interacting parts of a natural system
    1. Identify and explain the processes that follow patterns and cycles in natural systems

In addition, one of the three questions will contain a component that requires an understanding of the scientific concepts and principles involved in the interrelationships among science, technology, and society.