E T S Praxis Series

Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge (0511)

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Topics Covered

Descriptions of the subject content covered on the test are provided below.

Current section: I. English Language Arts

I. English Language Arts

The English Language Arts section of the Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge test is designed to assess basic understanding in the field of English language arts. The questions allow examinees to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of a variety of texts, including fiction, poetry, speeches, essays, and other nonfiction. Some questions will assess examinees' basic understanding of literary passages and the effects created by literary devices in those passages. Other questions will assess examinees' basic reading comprehension skills and knowledge of key elements in writing and speaking. While examinees may encounter basic terms such as "theme" or "character," the English Language Arts section will not assess knowledge of more specialized vocabulary terms such as "metaphor" or "personification."

  1. Reading Literature
    1. Literal and basic nonliteral meanings of literary selections
    2. Major themes and purposes
    3. Relationships among particular elements in a selection and relationships between particular elements and the selection as a whole
    4. Historical, cultural, and cross-cultural contexts
    5. Comparisons among literary texts
  1. Literary Methods and Effects

    Meanings and effects created by specific literary elements, including

    1. Point of view
    2. Character
    3. Setting, tone, and mood
    4. Imagery and figurative language (e.g., metaphor, simile, personification*)
    * Technical terms (e.g., metaphor, simile, personification) that appear in questions in the test will be accompanied by definitions.
  1. Reading and Communication Skills
    1. Summaries or paraphrases of the main idea and supporting ideas in a selection
    2. How language is used and the meanings of words as they are used in context
    3. How a selection is organized
    4. Fact versus opinion
    5. Inferences and conclusions
    6. Purposes for writing and speaking and the role of the audience within varying contexts
    7. Decisions about the writing process, including identifying appropriate revision strategies for a given text