E T S Praxis Series

Pre-Professional Skills Test: Reading (0710)

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Sample Test Questions

Current section: Multiple Choice > Answers

Answers

  1. The passage describes filmmaker Marguerite Duras' attitude toward becoming a professional of the cinema: she refused to become involved with the fame, financial matters, and technology associated with film. Thus, the correct answer is B. Choices A and D can be eliminated because the passage neither criticizes Duras nor indicates that others have failed to appreciate her work. Choices C and E can be eliminated because the passage discusses neither the style nor the content of Duras' films.
  2. Choice A can be eliminated because the windmills are described as being placed in deep water; choice B can be eliminated because there is no indication that the windmills would have to be near ports. The passage directly contradicts choice C, since "buoys" (line 23) are not stationary platforms. Choice E brings up the batteries that were mentioned in line 4. However, such batteries are not specifically related in the passage to sea-based windmills. The passage does specifically mention highly efficient cables as a critical part of the sea-based system. Therefore, D is the best answer.
  3. Choice E is the correct answer. "A problematical issue is discussed" summarizes the first two paragraphs, in which both the pros and cons of a complicated situation are examined. They are followed, in the third paragraph, by the suggestion of a solution which remedies some of the problems of using windmills to generate electricity.
  4. The passage focuses on how audiences since the big-band era have responded to jazz. Therefore, C is the correct answer. Choice A is incorrect because the focus of the passage is not on critics’ response to jazz but rather on the responses of general audiences to jazz. Choices B and D can be eliminated because the passage does not discuss the effects of audiences on performers or the author’s personal reminiscences. Choice E is incorrect because the passage does not give an outline of the origins of jazz.
  5. In making the comment about Michelangelo's greatness, the author relies on information Vasari has supplied. If Vasari's claims that Michelangelo worked with great care and was inspired by his work are not correct, the author's claim about Michelangelo may not be valid. It would therefore be useful to know the information represented by choice C. Choice A may appear at first glance to be relevant, but it is not as good a choice as C, since Vasari might have known Michelangelo quite well but not have supplied accurate information in his biography. Choice B is even less satisfactory since we are concerned only with how Vasari described Michelangelo, not how he described other painters. Choice D, while it might confirm statements about Michelangelo's skill, does not help us evaluate the author's claim in the last sentence of the passage. Choice E can be eliminated for similar reasons. C is, therefore, the best answer to this question.
  6. Choice B is clearly supported by the last sentence of the passage. Because the fund-raisers had to insist that Johns Hopkins admit women, it can be inferred that the author believes the admission of women was directly caused by their insistence and would otherwise not have taken place.
  7. In the first sentence of the third paragraph, the author expresses the opinion that all attempts by the government to limit the four freedoms of universities are undesirable. Thus, the author would be least likely to agree with E, the best answer, which states that the federal government should limit university freedoms if the goal it plans to achieve by doing so is desirable.
  8. The "uncanny" power described in the first sentence is clearly not a power that people ordinarily have. It could, therefore, best be described as "supernatural." E is the best answer.
  9. The passage is about the different approaches of Johnson and Kennedy to the presidency. In explaining how each approached the office and how they differed in this respect, the author is necessarily making a comparison. The correct answer is B, "making a comparison."
  10. The passage states that Alice Fletcher helped American Indians secure legal title to their land so they would not be forced to abandon it. This idea is expressed in B, "obtain property rights for American Indians," which is, therefore, the correct answer.
  11. Choice A can be eliminated because there are clearly fewer orders for Chinese food than for pizza in both the first and second quarters. Choice B is incorrect because there were more orders for Chinese food than for rotisserie chicken in the second quarter. Choice D can be eliminated because pizza was clearly not the most ordered food item in the third and fourth quarters. Also, Choice E is incorrect because the combined pizza orders for the first and second quarters are clearly greater than the combined pizza orders for the third and fourth quarters. Choice C is, therefore, the best answer: results for the fourth quarter show that orders for pizza and for Chinese food were about the same, if not identical.