Sección 5: Inglés

Parte A

Completar oraciones en inglés

Instrucciones: Las siguientes oraciones tienen uno o dos espacios en blanco que indican que se ha omitido una palabra o frase. Seleccione la opción que MEJOR COMPLETE la idea de la oración. Llene completamente el espacio apropiado en la hoja de respuestas.

  1. The notion that a parasite can alter the behavior of a host organism is not mere fiction; indeed, the phenomenon is not even _______.
    • (A) imaginable
    • (B) observable
    • (C) real
    • (D) rare

       

  2. The function of the hands, eyes, and brain are so _______ that using the hands during early childhood helps to promote the child's entire _______ development.
    • (A) unalterable...intellectual
    • (B) enigmatic...psychological
    • (C) intertwined...perceptual
    • (D) regulated...adolescent

Antónimos en inglés

Instrucciones: Las siguientes palabras en mayúsculas están seguidas de cuatro opciones. Seleccione la opción que más se asemeje al significado OPUESTO de las mismas. Preste atención a las sutilezas de significado. Llene completamente el espacio apropiado en la hoja de respuestas.

  1. AMPLIFY:
    • (A) decipher
    • (B) abridge
    • (C) explain
    • (D) correct

       

  2. SOPORIFIC:
    • (A) auxiliary
    • (B) unusual
    • (C) artificial
    • (D) stimulating

Parte B

Comprensión de lectura en inglés

Instrucciones: Los textos en la Parte B están seguidos de preguntas basadas en su contenido. Seleccione la mejor opción para cada pregunta de acuerdo con lo EXPRESADO o IMPLÍCITO en el texto. Llene completamente el espacio apropiado en la hoja de respuestas.

(Las ideas expresadas en los siguientes textos son las del autor y no representan la opinión de ETS.)

Preguntas 5–7

A serious critic has to comprehend the particular content, unique structure, and special meaning of a work of art, and here is the dilemma. The critic must recognize the artistic element of uniqueness that requires subjective reaction and yet must not be unduly prejudiced by such reactions. Likes and dislikes are less important than what the work of art communicates, and preferences may actually prevent an adequate understanding of it. Hence, it is necessary that a critic develop a sensibility informed by familiarity with the history of art and aesthetic theory. On the other hand, it is insufficient to consider the work of art from a historical perspective, in relationship to a fixed set of values. The critic’s knowledge and training are a preparation of the cognitive and emotional abilities needed for an adequate response to a work’s own particular qualities.

  1. According to the passage, in which way does a serious art critic avoid being prejudiced by personal reactions?

    • (A) By allowing more time for the observation of the work of art
    • (B) By reacting to a work of art according to a fixed set of values
    • (C) By applying knowledge of art history and aesthetic theory
    • (D) By considering the preferences of other art critics

       

  2. What does the author imply is a disadvantage of evaluating a work of art only from a historical perspective?

    • (A) Such an approach can insulate critics from personally held beliefs.
    • (B) The historical period of many works of art cannot accurately be determined.
    • (C) Some critics are not sufficiently familiar with art history.
    • (D) Such an approach could prevent critics from appreciating specific qualities of the
      work of art.

       

  3. The passage suggests that the author would most likely agree with which of the following statements?

    • (A) The best art is accessible to the greatest number of people.
    • (B) Art appeals to the passions as well as to the intellect.
    • (C) The meaning of art varies according to where it is produced.
    • (D) Most works of art express unconscious desire.

       

 

Clave de Respuestas

Inglés
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
D
C
B
D
C
D
B
 

Edición Traducida