The EXADEP™ score-related test policies for test takers include:
- Preventing Unauthorized Release of Your Scores
- Test Takers' Performance Data
- ETS Review of Test Questions
- Cancellation of Scores by ETS
- Test Fairness and Score Use
To protect your right to control the distribution of your scores, they are sent only to you and/or:
- to institutions of higher education granting a bachelor's or higher degree
- to approved graduate fellowship-granting sponsors
- to vendors the score recipients might designate to process the scores they receive for score processing
Score reports will be released only upon your request. ETS will not release your scores at the request of institutions or fellowship sponsors except for use in research studies that are approved by ETS and provide anonymity for test takers and the institutions they attend.
Note: Your score record and the documents you completed that are retained at ETS, including photos and documents from check-in on test day, may be released to third parties (e.g., government agencies, parties to a lawsuit) if requested pursuant to a subpoena or required by applicable law.
Your performance data may be used in analysis samples, score interpretation data, group statistics and research studies. In any instance, all identifying information will be removed.
ETS routinely follows extensive review and quality control procedures to detect and avoid flawed questions and consequent errors in scoring. Such procedures include:
- independent reviews by qualified individuals
- feedback from test takers after they have taken the test
- careful analysis of performance data on each question after it has been administered in a test
Nonetheless, occasionally an error may be discovered after scores have been reported. Whenever this happens, ETS reviews the specific circumstances carefully and takes the corrective action that is most fair to all concerned.
Test Security Issues
ETS strives to report scores that accurately reflect the performance of every test taker. Accordingly, ETS's standards and procedures for administering tests have two primary goals: giving test takers equivalent opportunities to demonstrate their abilities and preventing any test takers from gaining an unfair advantage over others. To promote these objectives, ETS reserves the right to cancel any test score, whether or not it has already been reported, and to take such other actions as ETS deems appropriate, including banning the test taker from future tests and referring the matter to law enforcement authorities, when, in ETS's judgment, a testing irregularity occurs; there is an apparent discrepancy in a test taker's identification; the test taker may have engaged in misconduct, including without limitation having someone else take the test for him/her, obtaining improper access to test questions or answers, disclosing test questions or answers to third parties, plagiarism, or copying or communication; or the score is invalid for another reason. ETS reserves the right to share any and all information in its possession about a test taker and the terms and conditions of test taking with (a) any entity which ETS recognizes as an authorized user of test scores, including without limitation any entity to which ETS reports test scores at the test taker’s request, and (b) any government agency with responsibility for administration or enforcement of U.S. criminal and/or immigration laws. When ETS cancels a test score that has already been reported, it notifies score recipients that the score has been canceled and may also explain why the score has been canceled. We will provide a copy of the cancellation letter you receive to recipients of your scores.
"Testing irregularities" refer to problems with the administration of a test. Testing irregularities may result from actions of test takers, test center personnel, ETS, or from natural or man-made causes. When testing irregularities occur, they may affect an individual or groups of test takers. Such problems include, without limitation, administrative errors (such as improper timing, improper seating, defective materials [e.g., improper test forms]); improper access to test content; and other disruptions of test administrations (such as natural disasters or other emergencies). When testing irregularities occur, ETS may decline to score the test or cancel the test score. When, in ETS's judgment it is appropriate to do so, ETS gives affected test takers the opportunity to take the test again as soon as possible without charge.
When in ETS's judgment or in the judgment of test center administrators, there is a discrepancy in a test taker's identification, the test taker may be dismissed from the test center. In addition, ETS may decline to score the test or cancel the test score if the documents from the test day cannot be validated or if ETS has evidence that you did not appear for the test. See Identification Requirements. ETS will also cancel a test taker's scores, ban them from future testing and notify score recipients of the cancellation if fraudulent activity is detected after their scores have been reported.
When ETS or test center administrators find that there is misconduct in connection with a test, the test taker may be dismissed from the test center, or ETS may decline to score the test, or may cancel the test score. Misconduct includes but is not limited to noncompliance with the Test Center Policies and Procedures. Test takers whose scores are canceled will forfeit their test fees and must pay to take the entire EXADEP test again at a future administration. No record of the score cancellations, or the reason for cancellation, will appear on their future score reports sent to colleges, universities and/or fellowship sponsors.
ETS may also cancel scores if, in its judgment, there is substantial evidence that they are invalid for any other reason. Substantial evidence means evidence that is sufficient to persuade a reasonable person; the substantial evidence standard is lower (i.e., requires less proof) than the reasonable doubt, clear and convincing, and preponderance of the evidence standards. Evidence of invalid scores may include, without limitation, discrepant handwriting, unusual answer patterns and inconsistent performance on different parts of the test. Before canceling scores pursuant to this paragraph, ETS notifies the test taker in writing about its concerns, gives the test taker an opportunity to submit information that addresses ETS's concerns, considers any such information submitted and offers the test taker a choice of options. The options may include voluntary score cancellation, a free retest or arbitration in accordance with ETS's standard Arbitration Agreement. In addition, the test taker is sent a copy of the booklet “Why and How Educational Testing Service Questions Test Scores,” which explains this process in greater detail. (This booklet is available to any test taker at any time on request.)
Note: The arbitration option is available only to test takers residing in the United States and U.S. Territories.
ETS and the EXADEP Program have taken steps to ensure, to the extent possible, that tests and test scores are fair for all test takers, regardless of group membership. In addition, the EXADEP Program has developed Score Use Guidelines, a summary of the considerations for appropriate use of EXADEP test scores, designed to encourage institutions to use EXADEP scores appropriately. For more information, see the Guide to the Use and Interpretation of Scores for the EXADEP™ Test.