Overview of the PPAT Tasks

The chart below provides an overview of the four tasks of the Praxis® Performance Assessment for Teachers (PPAT), the focus of each task and what evidence candidates must provide to demonstrate their proficiency in each task.

Task Title Type of Task Description Scoring
Task 1: Knowledge of Students and the Learning Environment Formative
  • Requires candidates to demonstrate the knowledge and skills that pertain to their student teaching assignment in regard to the students, the school and the community. These factors will help candidates understand the implications for instruction and student learning.
  • Focuses on the beginning steps of a teacher candidate's practice, including the ability to identify individual learning needs requiring differentiated instruction
  • Provides first steps for the creation of a portfolio
  • Includes feedback from the supervising instructor and the cooperating teacher
  • Requires a written commentary and artifacts to be submitted
Locally evaluated by supervising instructor
Task 2: Assessment and Data Collection to Measure and Inform Student Learning Summative
  • Requires candidates to demonstrate their understanding, analysis, and application of assessment and data collection to measure and inform student learning
  • Focuses on InTASC standards for using data both to inform instruction for the whole class and to meet individual learning needs
  • Requires a written commentary and artifacts to be submitted
Centrally scored anonymously by trained educators
Task 3: Designing Instruction for Student Learning Summative
  • Requires candidates to demonstrate their ability to develop instruction, including the use of technology, to facilitate student learning both for the whole class and for students with individual learning needs
  • Focuses on InTASC standards for classroom instruction, including the use of technology
  • Requires a written commentary and artifacts to be submitted
Centrally scored anonymously by trained educators
Task 4: Implementing and Analyzing Instruction to Promote Student Learning Summative
  • Requires candidates to demonstrate their ability to plan and implement a lesson and includes a 15-minute video of the candidate teaching a lesson
  • Focuses on the ability to use research-based instructional strategies and adapt instruction for individual needs
  • Assesses a range of standards with some overlap from other tasks
  • Reflects on overall teaching practice
  • Requires a written commentary and artifacts, including a 15-minute video submission
Centrally scored anonymously by trained educators