Frequently Asked Questions for States and Agencies

What is the Praxis® Performance Assessment for Teachers (PPAT) and what is it designed to measure?

The PPAT is designed to allow teacher candidates to demonstrate their performance during student teaching. Successful completion of this assessment demonstrates that teacher candidates are prepared to enter the classroom as entry-level teachers.

This assessment is not designed to measure experienced teachers nor should it be used for teacher evaluations.

How was the PPAT developed?

The PPAT was developed by ETS in collaboration with teacher education faculty, cooperating teachers and department of education officials from 17 states and territories, to determine the knowledge, skills and abilities that classroom practitioners deem essential for effective teaching.

How does the PPAT differ from other performance assessments?
  • ETS's PPAT offers both formative and summative components that help to guide teacher candidates through the student teaching experience.
  • The PPAT facilitates the collaboration between teacher candidates, supervising instructors and the candidates' cooperating teachers.
  • It provides candidates with formative feedback to guide their practice and to develop a professional growth plan that will follow them throughout their teaching career.
  • Tasks are submitted, scored and reported throughout the student teaching process; not at the end, allowing unsuccessful candidates to resubmit a task or multiple tasks before the end of the student teaching experience.

Learn more about the PPAT advantage.

How much does this assessment cost?

The cost per assessment administration is $275, which includes scoring and reporting.

When is the PPAT administered?

The PPAT is offered twice a year — once in the spring and once in the fall. The tasks are designed to be administered throughout a candidate's clinical/student-teaching experience.

Who scores the PPAT?

Task 1 is scored locally by the educator preparation program supervising instructor. Tasks 2, 3 and 4 are centrally and double-scored to ensure greater transparency and interrater reliability. These scores provide states with greater score validity and consistent, reliable data for licensure and educator program decisions.

When are scores available?

Electronic scores for Tasks 2, 3 and 4 will be available approximately two weeks after each task deadline date.

Who pays for the assessment?

Payment for the assessment depends on the educator preparation program or state licensure requirements. Some educator programs may include the assessment fee in their school fee structures, while some may pass the fee on to their candidates.

Is the PPAT content specific?

The PPAT is reflective of the subject knowledge that each teacher candidate is teaching.

How does the PPAT compare to the Praxis Principles of Learning and Teaching (PLT) tests?

The Principles of Learning and Teaching tests measure knowledge and theory of practice and the PPAT measures the ability to teach. The PPAT can serve as a complement to PLT tests. ETS will work with states to determine the assessments that best meet the state's specific needs.

Can the PPAT be used for alternate route programs?

Yes. States can use the PPAT to assess the strengths and abilities of candidates who are entering the teaching profession through alternate route programs.