Praxis I® Test Content and Structure

The Praxis I® Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST®) consist of three separate tests:

Praxis I Test Structure

Praxis I tests are multiple-choice tests. The Praxis I Writing test also includes an essay section. The number of questions and length of each test vary depending on which format you take. The formats and score requirements for the computer-based and paper-based tests are comparable. State score requirements differ slightly.

Computer-delivered Tests

The Praxis I computer tests may be taken either as three separate tests on separate days, or as one combined test. Individual scores will be reported for Reading, Mathematics and Writing on both the individual and the combined tests.

If you take the Praxis I computer-delivered tests separately, each session lasts two hours. If you take the combined test, the entire session lasts 4 1/2 hours. Each session includes time for tutorials and the collection of background information. The combined test includes time for an optional 10-minute break.

The actual testing time and number of questions for each Praxis I computer-delivered test is shown below:

Test Number of Questions Testing Time
Reading 46 75 minutes
Mathematics 46 75 minutes
Combined Test — Break (Optional) 15 minutes
Writing (2 sections) 44
1 essay
38 minutes
30 minutes

Paper-delivered Tests

Each Praxis I paper-delivered test is one hour long and may be taken as three separate tests on different days or on the same day. The testing time and number of questions are shown below:

Test Number of Questions Testing Time
Reading 40 60 minutes
Mathematics 40 60 minutes
Writing (2 sections) 38
1 essay
30 minutes
30 minutes

How Test Questions are Created

Educators, faculty of teacher preparation programs and disciplinary specialists prepare Praxis test questions. The developers and reviewers follow rigorous, standardized procedures to ensure that test material reflects the skills being tested and meets high quality assessment standards. Each question is reviewed by ETS experts as well as content advisory groups, who are also engaged in establishing guidelines and standards for what the tests should measure.

After test questions have been reviewed and revised, they are administered in trial situations and assembled into tests. Tests are then reviewed according to ETS procedures to ensure that all tests are free of cultural bias. Statistical analyses of individual questions ensure that all items provide appropriate measurement information.


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