Praxis I® Test Content and Structure

The Praxis I® Pre-Professional Skills Tests (PPST®) consist of three separate tests:

Praxis I Test Structure

Praxis I tests are multiple-choice tests. The Praxis I Writing test also includes an essay section. State score requirements differ slightly.

The Praxis I tests may be taken either as three separate tests on separate days, or as one combined test. Individual scores will be reported for Reading, Mathematics and Writing on both the individual and the combined tests.

If you take the Praxis I tests separately, each session lasts two hours. If you take the combined test, the entire session lasts 4 1/2 hours. Each session includes time for tutorials and the collection of background information. The combined test includes time for an optional 10-minute break.

The actual testing time and number of questions for each Praxis I test is shown below:

Test Number of Questions Testing Time
Reading 46 75 mins.
Mathematics 46 75 mins.
Combined Test — Break (Optional) 10 mins.
Writing (2 sections) 44
1 essay
38 mins.
30 mins.

How Test Questions are Created

Educators, faculty of teacher preparation programs and disciplinary specialists prepare Praxis test questions. The developers and reviewers follow rigorous, standardized procedures to ensure that test material reflects the skills being tested and meets high quality assessment standards. Each question is reviewed by ETS experts as well as content advisory groups, who are also engaged in establishing guidelines and standards for what the tests should measure.

After test questions have been reviewed and revised, they are administered in trial situations and assembled into tests. Tests are then reviewed according to ETS procedures to ensure that all tests are free of cultural bias. Statistical analyses of individual questions ensure that all items provide appropriate measurement information.


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