How Tests Are Scored
Scores are determined based on the structure of the specific Praxis™ test.
Multiple-choice Test Scoring
Multiple-choice answer sheets are scored by machine, which gives virtually 100 percent scoring accuracy.
- Each correct answer is worth one raw point.
- The total raw score is the number of questions answered correctly on the full test.
- The scaled score is computed from the total number of raw points in a way that adjusts for the difficulty of the questions.
Constructed-response Test Scoring
Each constructed-response or essay response is scored by trained, supervised scorers who follow strict scoring procedures.
- Written responses to each question are read and scored by two or more qualified scorers specifically trained to score the responses to that question.
- Scorers assign ratings based on a scale developed for that test by educators who are specialists in the subject area.
Some tests may include pretest questions — one or more new questions that are being evaluated for possible use in future editions of the test.
- Pretest questions are not identified in order to assess how test takers respond to them under actual testing conditions.
- Pretest questions do not count toward the score.
Occasionally, a test taker may feel his or her score has been reported incorrectly and may request that ETS verify the scores.
Test takers who wish to use this service can download and complete the Score Verification Request form and send it to ETS with payment. Requests must be received within four months of the test date. If there is a change in the reported score, the revised score (which may be higher or lower) will be reported to the test taker and the institutions that received the original score. Scores for a specific test can be verified only once.
Score verification for constructed-response tests consists of having a scorer review the responses and the original scores to determine whether the ratings are consistent with the scoring rules established for that test. The feedback provided for constructed-response tests is intended only to give some suggestions that may help a test taker prepare for a retest. It is not intended to be diagnostic or to provide information about why the test taker received a certain score.
Score verification is available for multiple-choice tests that are delivered in paper format, but is not available for multiple-choice tests that are delivered on computer because those answers are scored once at the test center, transmitted electronically and then verified at ETS before being reported.
- Understanding Your Praxis™ Scores for Test Takers
- Constructed-Response and Other Performance Assessments
- Why and How ETS Questions Test Scores
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