Keeping Test Content Current

How Are Tests Updated To Keep Content Current?

ETS is committed to keeping all Praxis™ tests up to date and aligned with professionally accepted standards, and tests are therefore reviewed on a regular basis. During the first phase of review, ETS conducts an analysis of relevant state and association standards and of the current test content. State licensure titles and the results of relevant job analyses are also considered. Revised test questions are then produced following the standard test development methodology. National Advisory Committees (NAC) may also be convened to review existing test specifications and to evaluate test forms for alignment with the specifications.

Every Praxis test title is reviewed every five years by a National Advisory Committee, which is a key component of ETS's test development process. NACs, composed of licenced practicing professionals, are convened to assure that tests are aligned with the most recent nationally accepted standards and focus on the core knowledge and skills necessary to the teaching profession. This process, which is founded in best practices for educator credentialing, is used for regenerated tests as well as for new test development. For more information regarding the NAC process, please email us at PraxisClientRelations@ets.org.

When a NAC is convened, the Praxis client states help ETS recruit 12–15 licensed practicing professionals who are close to the beginning of their teaching practice, as well as college faculty who prepare teachers for that specific licensure area. The NAC works closely with ETS assessment specialists to define the content domain and later to develop the test blueprint and test content specifications. NAC meetings typically take place on the ETS campus in Princeton, New Jersey, and usually meet twice during the review and regeneration process.

After the NAC meets to define the test domains, a job analysis survey is conducted to confirm these domains. A job survey is conducted for new tests and for existing tests that are being significantly revised. The job analysis survey enables relatively large numbers of practitioners from across the country to judge the importance of the knowledge and/or skills defined by the NAC for beginning-level practice. The practitioners' judgments serve as an independent source of validation evidence. Once the results of the survey have been analyzed, the NAC is reconvened to develop the test blueprint and test specifications.

After the NAC develops the test blueprint and test specifications, ETS convenes panels of licensed practicing educators and college faculty from user states to conduct standard-setting studies. Each standard-setting panel confirms that the knowledge and/or skills represented in the test content specifications are important for entry-level practice and recommends a passing score for each state to consider when setting its own passing score.

Schedules

Regeneration Schedule

The Praxis program will launch 13 regenerated test titles for the 2013–14 testing year. Multistate Standard-Setting Studies will have been completed for most of the following tests prior to their first use in 2013–14. Tests that are only moving to the Praxis score scale do not require a standard-setting study.

States will consider the recommended passing scores from the Standard-Setting Studies when they set passing scores for their jurisdictions. Please note that most of the regenerated tests have a new test code number. See the 2013–14 Regenerated Tests chart below for more information about each of these tests. Any state wishing to review the new forms of these tests should contact their Client Relations Director at PraxisClientRelations@ets.org.

Regenerated Tests for 2013–14 testing year:

Test Code Test Title Replaces Notes
0372 Special Education: Teaching Students with Behavioral Disorders/Emotional Disturbances 0371 Special Education: Teaching Students with Behavioral Disorders/Emotional Disturbances Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting
0391 Psychology 0390 Psychology Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting
5511 Fundamental Subjects n/a Regenerated test; changes to categories only
5038 English Language Arts: Content Knowledge 0041/5041 English Language, Literature, & Composition: Content Knowledge Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS
5039 English Language Arts: Content and Analysis 0044/5044 English Language, Literature, & Composition: Content & Analysis Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS
5047 Middle School English Language Arts 0049/5049 Middle School English Language Arts Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS
5161 Mathematics: Content Knowledge 0061/5061 Mathematics: Content Knowledge Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS
5169 Middle School Mathematics 0069 Middle School Mathematics Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS
5203 Teaching Reading: Elementary Education 0201/5201 Reading Across the Curriculum: Elementary Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS & IRA
5551 Health Education 0550/5550 Health Education Moves to Praxis scale with changes to categories
5712 Core Academic Skills for Educators: Reading 0710/5710 PPST Reading Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS
5722 Core Academic Skills for Educators: Writing 0720/5720 PPST Writing Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS
5732 Core Academic Skills for Educators: Mathematics 0730/5730 PPST Mathematics Regenerated test with Multi-State Standard Setting; aligned w CCSS

For questions or further information, please contact your Client Relations Director at PraxisClientRelations@ets.org.

Computer Roll Out Schedule

The Praxis program continues to provide candidates with computer-delivered testing. By the end of the 2013–14 testing year, at least 76 tests will be available on computer with plans for full computerization by 2014–15.

Computer-delivered Tests Available in the 2013–14 testing year:

5087 Citizenship Education: Content Knowledge
5022 Early Childhood: Content Knowledge
5021 Education of Young Children
5014 Elementary Education: Content Knowledge
5011 Elementary Education: Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment
5015 Elementary Education: Instructional Practice and Applications
5031 Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects
5032 Elementary Education: Reading and Language Arts Subtest
5033 Elementary Education: Mathematics Subtest
5034 Elementary Education: Social Studies Subtest
5035 Elementary Education: Science Subtest
5044 English Language, Literature & Composition: Content and Analysis
5041 English Language, Literature & Composition: Content Knowledge
5174 French: World Language
5511 Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge
5183 German: World Language
5856 Health and Physical Education: Content Knowledge
5550 Health Education
5023 Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education
6015 Kentucky Specialty Test of Instructional and Administrative Practices
5061 Mathematics: Content Knowledge
5049 Middle School: English Language Arts
5089 Middle School: Social Studies
5141 Middle School: Multiple Subjects
5142 Middle School: English Language Arts Subtest
5143 Middle School: Mathematics Subtest
5144 Middle School: Social Studies Subtest
5145 Middle School: Science Subtest
5146 Middle School: Content Knowledge
5152 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Core Assessment
5154 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Core Assessment: English Language Arts and Social Studies
5155 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Core Assessment: Mathematics and Science
5153 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Core Assessment: Pedagogy
5156 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Subject Concentration: English Language Arts
5158 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Subject Concentration: Mathematics
5159 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Subject Concentration: Science
5157 Pennsylvania Grades 4–8 Subject Concentration: Social Studies
5091 Physical Education: Content Knowledge
5531 Pre-Kindergarten Education
5730 Pre-Professional Skill Test: Mathematics
5710 Pre-Professional Skill Test: Reading
5720 Pre-Professional Skill Test: Writing
5621 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Early Childhood
5623 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5–9
5624 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 7–12
5622 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K–6
5201 Reading Across the Curriculum: Elementary
5306 Reading for Virginia Educators: Elementary and Special Education
5304 Reading for Virginia Educators: Reading Specialist
6011 School Leaders Licensure Assessment
5806 Social Studies: Content and Interpretation
5801 Social Studies: Content Knowledge
5195 Spanish: World Language
5354 Special Education: Core Knowledge and Applications
5543 Special Education: Core Knowledge and Mild to Moderate Applications
5545 Special Education: Core Knowledge and Severe to Profound Applications
5204 Teaching Reading

Test Titles Moving to Computer in 2013–14:

Test Code Test First Administration
October 2013
5038 English Language Arts: Content Knowledge October 2013
5039 English Language Arts: Content and Analysis October 2013
5047 Middle School English Language Arts October 2013
5161 Mathematics: Content Knowledge October 2013
5169 Middle School Mathematics October 2013
5203 Teaching Reading: Elementary Education October 2013
5551 Health Education October 2013
5712 Core Academic Skills for Educators: Reading October 2013
5722 Core Academic Skills for Educators: Writing October 2013
5732 Core Academic Skills for Educators: Mathematics October 2013
5752 Core Academic Skills for Educators: Combined October 2013
December 2013
5221 Speech Communication: Content Knowledge December 2013
5342 Audiology December 2013

For questions or further information, please contact your Client Relations Director at PraxisClientRelations@ets.org.

See also:

 

 

RFP/RFI White Paper

View guidelines for Producing RFIs and RFPs Related to Teacher Licensure Assessment Programs.