# ETS® Proficiency Profile Badges

In addition to earning Certificates of Achievement, those earning a qualifying score on the online standard form of the ETS® Proficiency Profile assessment can earn an electronic badge, which can be added to a Mozilla Backpack. Test takers can manage and share their badges with an unlimited number of recipients in academia and beyond.

## Performance Levels

Individuals taking the ETS Proficiency Profile are asked to demonstrate a wide variety of abilities across four skills — Mathematics, Writing and Reading/Critical Thinking. These skills are further categorized by levels of difficulty. Based on a score range, there are three performance levels that can be earned.

### Level 1 Proficiency (Total score range 430–449)

Individuals scoring in the Level 1 Proficiency range tend to demonstrate the following abilities:

**Reading**

- Recognize factual material explicitly presented in a reading passage
- Understand the meaning of particular words or phrases in the context of a reading passage

**Writing**

- Recognize agreement among basic grammatical elements (e.g., nouns, verbs, pronouns and conjunctions)
- Recognize appropriate transition words
- Recognize incorrect word choice
- Order sentences in a paragraph
- Order elements in an outline

**Mathematics**

- Solve word problems that would most likely be solved by arithmetic and do not involve conversion of units or proportionality
- Solve problems involving the informal properties of numbers and operations including positive and negative numbers, whole numbers and fractions (including conversions of common fractions to percent)
- Solve problems requiring a general understanding of square roots and the squares of numbers
- Solve a simple equation or substitute numbers into an algebraic expression
- Find information from a graph

### Level 2 Proficiency** (Total score range 450–470)**

Individuals scoring in the Level 2 Proficiency range tend to demonstrate the following abilities:

**Reading**

- Recognize factual material explicitly presented in a reading passage
- Understand the meaning of particular words or phrases in the context of a reading passage
- Synthesize material from different sections of a passage
- Recognize valid inferences derived from material in the passage
- Identify accurate summaries of a passage or of significant sections of the passage
- Understand and interpret figurative language
- Discern the main idea, purpose or focus of a passage or a significant portion of the passage

**Writing**

- Recognize agreement among basic grammatical elements (e.g., nouns, verbs, pronouns and conjunctions)
- Recognize appropriate transition words
- Recognize incorrect word choice
- Order sentences in a paragraph
- Order elements in an outline
- Incorporate new material into a passage
- Recognize agreement among basic grammatical elements (e.g., nouns, verbs, pronouns and conjunctions) when these elements are complicated by intervening words or phrases
- Combine simple clauses into single, more complex combinations
- Recast existing sentences into new syntactic combinations

**Mathematics**

- Solve word problems that would most likely be solved by arithmetic and do not involve conversion of units or proportionality
- Solve problems involving the informal properties of numbers and operations including positive and negative numbers, whole numbers and fractions (including conversions of common fractions to percent)
- Solve problems requiring a general understanding of square roots and the squares of numbers
- Solve a simple equation or substitute numbers into an algebraic expression
- Find information from a graph
- Solve arithmetic problems with some complications, such as complex wording, maximizing or minimizing, and embedded ratios
- Simplify algebraic expressions, perform basic translations, and draw conclusions from algebraic equations and inequalities
- Interpret a trend represented in a graph, or choose a graph that reflects a trend
- Solve problems involving sets

### Level 3 Proficiency (Total score range 471–500)

Individuals scoring in the Level 3 Proficiency range tend to demonstrate the following abilities:

**Reading**

- Recognize factual material explicitly presented in a reading passage
- Understand the meaning of particular words or phrases in the context of a reading passage
- Synthesize material from different sections of a passage
- Recognize valid inferences derived from material in the passage
- Identify accurate summaries of a passage or of significant sections of the passage
- Understand and interpret figurative language
- Discern the main idea, purpose or focus of a passage or a significant portion of the passage

**Critical Thinking**

- Evaluate competing causal explanations
- Evaluate hypotheses for consistency with known facts
- Determine the relevance of information for evaluating an argument or conclusion
- Determine whether an artistic interpretation is supported by evidence contained in a work
- Recognize the salient features or themes in a work of art
- Evaluate the appropriateness of procedures for investigating a question of causation
- Evaluate data for consistency with known facts, hypotheses or methods
- Recognize flaws and inconsistencies in an argument

**Writing**

- Recognize agreement among basic grammatical elements (e.g., nouns, verbs, pronouns and conjunctions)
- Recognize appropriate transition words
- Recognize incorrect word choice
- Order sentences in a paragraph
- Order elements in an outline
- Incorporate new material into a passage
- Recognize agreement among basic grammatical elements (e.g., nouns, verbs, pronouns and conjunctions) when these elements are complicated by intervening words or phrases
- Combine simple clauses into single, more complex combinations
- Recast existing sentences into new syntactic combinations

**Mathematics**

- Solve word problems that would most likely be solved by arithmetic and do not involve conversion of units or proportionality
- Solve problems involving the informal properties of numbers and operations including positive and negative numbers, whole numbers and fractions (including conversions of common fractions to percent)
- Solve problems requiring a general understanding of square roots and the squares of numbers
- Solve a simple equation or substitute numbers into an algebraic expression
- Find information from a graph
- Solve arithmetic problems with some complications, such as complex wording, maximizing or minimizing, and embedded ratios
- Simplify algebraic expressions, perform basic translations, and draw conclusions from algebraic equations and inequalities
- Interpret a trend represented in a graph, or choose a graph that reflects a trend
- Solve problems involving sets

**Note:** Badges are only available for those taking the online standard form of the ETS Proficiency Profile. Badges are not available to those taking the Abbreviated Form or the paper-and-pencil Standard Form of the ETS Proficiency Profile.

## Earning a Badge

The score ranges used for each level were calculated by analyzing ETS Proficiency Profile results earned by test takers between 2006 and 2012. The score range assigned to each level is the range of scores earned by test takers classified as "proficient" in all three skills areas. For instance, in order to receive a Level 3 Proficiency Certificate, a test taker must earn a total score between 471 and 500. That score range also coincides with achieving Level 3 Proficiency in Writing, Math and Reading/Critical Thinking.

## Uploading Badges

Those who qualify for a certificate and a badge will receive an email notification with instructions for retrieving the certificate and badge from the ETS Proficiency Profile Student Portal.

Test takers will need to log in to the Student Portal using the User ID/User Name and Password established when taking the assessment. If the individual has forgotten their Password, the web page includes a link that can be used to retrieve the password. Once logged into the portal, test takers can:

- View their score report
- Upload their badge to a Mozilla Backpack
- View their certificate (if applicable)
- Save/print a PDF version of the certificate

#### Register to attend a Higher Ed Webinar!

Learn how ETS can help you with student learning outcomes assessments.

#### ETS Proficiency Profile Administrator Portal (Program Workshop)

Order tests, manage test administrations, run reports (for existing customers only)

#### ETS Proficiency Profile Annual Comparative Data Guide

Compare the performance of your students with those of a large group of students at other institutions.