Policy Information Center Overview

As part of the Policy Evaluation and Research Center, our Policy Information Center (PIC) conducts original research and integrates secondary data to inform the policy discussions on critical educational issues. Since 1987, we have served as an objective source for informing the policy debate on critical educational issues and improving practices.

We synthesize research findings from ETS and other resources into reports, policy perspectives and workbooks in nontechnical language. Policy Information Reports, workbooks and newsletters do not advocate particular policies. Policy Information Perspective series reports are authored by scientists and scholars and may include professional judgments.

Featured Reports and Publications

Is There Really a Labor Market Advantage to Bilingualism in the U.S.?
By P. Gándara
ETS Policy Report (October 2015)

Although it is commonly thought that people who are bilingual have an advantage in the labor market, studies on this topic have not borne out this perception. The literature, in fact, has found an earnings penalty is associated with bilingualism—people who are bilingual often make less than people who are monolingual in similar jobs. This report reviews those studies and introduces a new set of studies that found different outcomes for bilingual people in terms of education and earnings. In this report I examine why the prior and present studies differ so greatly and what this means for education policy.

Be sure to see our most recent research publications.

See all Policy Information Center reports and Policy Notes Newsletters.

Contact the Policy Information Center

If you have questions or would like to learn more about PIC, please contact us:


Find a Publication

Advanced Search