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Overview

Focus on R&D

This series provides insights on important topics in educational assessment and research. Follow our ETS researchers as they explain and discuss key issues in a conversational style.

Current Issue

Issue 13: Using Language Proficiency Standards to Interpret Test Scores

Does a test score of, let’s say, 70 mean that a nonnative English speaker is ready for a university where English is the primary language of instruction? How about participating in a business meeting conducted in English? Focus on ETS R&D talked to four ETS experts involved with research on how tests in the TOEFL® and TOEIC® families of English-language assessments align with curricula and educational standards, such as the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) and China’s Standards of English (CSE).

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