Equating Test Scores (Without IRT)

Livingston, Samuel A.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
Document Type:
Subject/Key Words:
Equating scaled scores anchor equating linear equating equipercentile equating data collection designs


This booklet is essentially a transcription of a half-day class on equating that I teach for new statistical staff at ETS.The class is a nonmathematical introduction to the topic, emphasizing conceptual understanding and practical applications. The topics include raw and scaled scores, linear and equipercentile equating, data collection designs for equating, selection of anchor items, and methods of anchor equating. I begin by assuming that the participants do not even know whatequating is. By the end of the class, I explain why the Tucker method of equating is biased and under what conditions. In preparing this written version, I have tried to capture as much as possible of the conversational style of the class. I have included most of the displays projected onto the screen in the front of the classroom. I have also included the tests that the participants take during the class.

Read More


Find a Publication

Advanced Search

Closing the Achievement Gap

Closing the Achievement GapLearn more about ETS's commitment to closing the achievement gap through rigorous research, thought-provoking forums and more.