State-Funded PreK Policies on External Classroom Observations: Issues and Status

Ackerman, Debra J.
Publication Year:
ETS Policy Information Center Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Educational Policy Educational Improvement Preschool Education Teaching Program Effectiveness State Funding Decision Making Teachers Educational Accountability Young Children Classroom Observation


This report examines the variety of state Pre-Kindergarten (PreK) classroom observation policies on program decisions that are informed by observation score data, the protocols being used, and how often such data are collected from classrooms. Just as important, the author reminds us of the particular validity and reliability challenges that are inherent in relying on classroom observation score data for a variety of low- and high-stakes decisions.

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