TOEFL® 2000 Framework: A Working Paper

Jamieson, Joan; Jones, Stan; Kirsch, Irwin; Mosenthal, Peter; Taylor, Carol
Publication Year:
Report Number:
RM-00-03, TOEFL-MS-16
Document Type:
Subject/Key Words:
Communicative language ability framework task characteristics grammatical features pragmatic features discourse features


This report lays out a preliminary working framework for the development of the TOEFL® 2000 test. The goal of this first working framework is to guide the development of more specific frameworks and research agendas for the assessment of reading, writing, listening, and speaking, as both independent and integrated modalities. The monograph is organized into five major parts. The first part presents a general introduction to the goals and key components of the project. The second part presents the historical background and work of the project leading to the development of this framework. The third and fourth sections present our conceptualization of a working framework that includes identifying the test domain, organizing the test domain, identifying task characteristics, identifying and operationalizing the variables, validating the variables, and building an interpretive scheme. The report concludes with a discussion of the plans for proceeding with the work of the project.

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