Washback in Language Testing

Author(s):
Bailey, Kathleen M.
Publication Year:
1999
Report Number:
RM-99-04, TOEFL-MS-15
Source:
Document Type:
Subject/Key Words:
English second language language teachers language tests teaching methods washback effect [testing]

Abstract

This monograph summarizes recent research on language testing washback. It begins by compiling several definitions of washback and related constructs. It then poses a model of language testing washback and examines the available research related to this model. The monograph concludes with recommendations for appropriate research methods to be used in future investigations of washback.

Read More