Mapping English Language Proficiency Test Scores Onto the Common European Framework

Tannenbaum, Richard J.; Wylie, E. Caroline
Publication Year:
Report Number:
RR-05-18, TOEFL-RR-80
Document Type:
Subject/Key Words:
English language tests standard setting Angoff benchmark method


The Common European Framework describes language proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening on a six-level scale. The Framework provides a common language with which to discuss students’ progress. This report describes a study conducted with two panels of English language experts to map scores from four tests that collectively assess Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening on to two levels of the Framework. Panel 1 recommended cut scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language™ (TOEFL®), the Test of Spoken English™ (TSE®), and the Test of Written English™ (TWE®). Panel 2 recommended cut scores for The Test of English for International Communication™ (TOEIC®). A modification of the Angoff (1971) standard-setting approach was used for multiple-choice questions, and a benchmark method (Faggen, 1994) or examinee paper selection method (Hambleton, Jaeger, Plake, & Mills, 2000) was used for constructed-response questions.


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