A Survey of Academic Demands Related to Listening Skills

Powers, Donald E.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
RR-85-48, TOEFL-RR-20
Language Testing, 1986, 3(1), 1-38.
Document Type:
Subject/Key Words:
English as a second language (ESL) language skills listening comprehension surveys test validity


A literature review was conducted in order to identify various parameters underlying listening comprehension. The results of this review were used as a basis for a survey of faculty in six grade fields as well as undergraduate English faculty. The purpose of the survey was to (a) obtain faculty perceptions of the importance to academic success of various listening skills and activities, (b) assess the degree to which both native and nonnative speakers experience difficulties with these skills or activities, and (c) determine faculty views of alternative means of evaluating these skills. The results of the survey are used to suggest further research on the construct validity of the Listening Comprehension section of the TOEFL® test.

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