Evidence-Centered Design: The TOEIC® Speaking and Writing Tests
- Hines, Susan
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- validity English language profiency speaking skills writing skills test-taker performance self-assessment English as a foreign language EFL English as a second language (ESL) English language skills evidence-centered design (ECD) task specifications test design
This paper describes the evidence-centered design (ECD) processes used to create a final design process for the TOEIC® Speaking and Writing tests. The design process was used to produce task specifications and a test blueprint that would ultimately support the generalization of test scores from any individual set of test tasks to performance on actual tasks required in the workplace. This paper is part of the Research Foundation for TOEIC: A Compendium of Studies, published by ETS in 2010.