How ETS Scores the TOEIC® Speaking and Writing Tests Responses
- Everson, Philip Hines, Susan
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- validity English language profiency writing skills speaking skills test-taker performance self-assessment English as a foreign language EFL English as a second language (ESL) English language skills human raters score reliability Online Scoring Network (OSN)
This paper describes how ETS addresses the challenges presented by the use of human raters for the TOEIC® Speaking and Writing tests. This paper is part of the Research Foundation for TOEIC: A Compendium of Studies, published by ETS in 2010.