The Praxis Series

Spring 2011 Newsletter

Expanding Our Offering – Expanding Our Network

ETS is introducing more than 30 Praxis™ test titles to computer-delivered testing during the 2011–12 testing year.

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Report on Praxis II®
Computer-Delivered Tests

As demand increases, we are shifting our focus to introduce more computer-delivered Praxis test titles.

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2011–12 Praxis Paper-Delivered Administration Dates

The program has scheduled paper-delivered testing for 2011–12.

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New Praxis Test Offerings
for 2011–12

This testing year we are adding 22 new assessments to our licensure test offerings.

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Upcoming National Advisory Committees

We have asked client states to nominate members who will help us conduct analysis to confirm test content.

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ETS® Data Manager for
The Praxis Series™ Tests

This new tool can help state and agency clients analyze Praxis data and provide insight into examinee performance.

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ETS Professional Licensure
Project Kicks Off

The first working session focused on developing, refining and studying measures of teaching effectiveness.

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The Praxis Client Conference

This year's Praxis Client Conference will be held May 2–5 at the Chauncey Conference Center in Princeton, N.J.

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For more information on The Praxis Series, go to

Expanding Our Offering – Expanding Our Network

ETS is preparing to introduce more than 30 Praxis test titles to computer-delivered testing during the 2011–12 testing year. The computerized testing rollout will begin in early fall and will continue throughout the testing year with tests being introduced monthly.

ETS is expanding the Praxis and SLS computerized testing network to support this effort. To ensure all markets meet the needs of all test takers, we will leverage our long-standing relationships with existing paper-delivered testing sites that will serve as computer-delivered testing sites.

More detailed information will be shared at May’s Praxis Client Conference. Look for the program update email prior to the conference. We urge you to review it and come prepared with any questions and comments.

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Report On Praxis II® Computer-Delivered Tests

Since introducing the Elementary Education (5011 and 5014) tests on computer this past fall, we have had 16,575 candidates successfully register and take the tests. We continue to see a shift in demand of these tests from paper-delivered testing to the computer-delivered testing format. This is an important trend that we closely monitor as we prepare to introduce additional titles to the computer.

The second World Language testing window occurred in February and a total of 1,246 candidates tested during this window. This is almost double the number of candidates who registered and tested this past fall in the first window. Of the candidates who tested, the assessments were delivered at a 99.04% success rate. Registration for the June World Language testing window is open and candidates are encouraged to register early. For registration information, visit

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2011–12 Praxis Paper-Delivered Administration Dates

The program has scheduled paper-delivered testing for 2011–12 and the administration dates are listed below. Registration for the 2011–12 testing year will be available in July at

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New Praxis Test Offerings for 2011–12

In the 2011–12 testing year, a total of 22 new, refreshed and customized assessments will be added to the array of licensure test offerings available to our Teacher Licensure and Certification clients. Reform efforts in a number of states have been the catalyst for the development of two new Praxis multiple-subject tests.

Multistate Standard Setting Studies will be completed for the new and regenerated Praxis tests, and states will have access to the Multistate Reports to set their passing scores. An additional three Praxis tests, which have just completed review and minor revisions, will be assigned new code numbers and move to the 100-200 reporting scale.

State-specific Standard Setting Studies will also be conducted for each of the five customized tests that have been developed to meet state-specific needs. These new tests will also be administered for the first time during the 2011–12 testing year.

Two New Multiple Subjects Tests

Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects (5031)

For elementary teacher certification, the Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects test (EE:MS) will provide states with a better way to ensure that new elementary teachers have the content knowledge to teach the elementary level core subjects.

This computer-delivered test consists of four separately timed and separately scored subtests (Reading and Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies and Science) and will require approximately 3½ hours of testing time.

When compared to the existing Praxis Elementary Education tests, the new test has three advantages:

  1. The new design allows for expanded coverage of each core content area.
  2. The separately timed and scored sections (or subtests) allow states to set a minimum passing score for each content area.
  3. Candidates can retake only those sections they did not pass rather than retaking all four content areas.

States will be invited to participate in a July Multistate Standard Setting Study. We urge states to participate in the study. Participation doesn’t constitute any commitment to use the test. If you have questions about this new offering, please call Peter Yeager at 1-609-683-2797 or your state’s Client Relations Director.

Middle School: Multiple Subjects (5141)

Designed for states that offer a middle school generalist license, the Middle School: Multiple Subjects (MS:MS) test provides an assessment similar in design to the EE:MS test described above. Also computer-delivered, the MS:MS test consists of four separately timed and separately scored subtests that will provide scores for each of four subject areas: English Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies and Science.

Regenerated Tests Requiring Standard Setting

The Praxis program conducts Multistate Standard Setting Studies when regeneration results in a new test that cannot be equated to the test forms in current use, and states must set passing scores for the new test. ETS provides state users the opportunity to participate in a Multistate Standard Setting Study, which has been designed by Dr. Richard Tannenbaum, Director of ETS’s Educational and Credentialing Research Group. By assembling large cross-state panels composed of practicing professionals and faculty who prepare them, the new Multistate approach increases the number of educators who provide input into the recommended cut scores while reducing the state's burden to recruit panelists. This process engages a larger number of professionals in the process of recommending a passing score appropriate for identifying the just-qualified beginning practitioner. Up to 50 educators are involved in each study, and the new study design allows for multiple rounds of panel judgments, feedback and discussion.

With the Multistate Standard Setting Study, states can move from existing tests to new tests more efficiently. States no longer need to wait their turn to schedule a state-specific study. However, each state retains its right and responsibility to set its own passing scores after it receives the Multistate Standard Setting report.

Multistate Standard Setting Studies will have been completed for each of the following tests prior to their first use in 2011. States will consider the recommended passing scores from these studies when they set passing scores for their jurisdictions. Please note that each of the new tests has a new test code number. See the 2011–12 Regenerated Test Schedule for more information about each of these tests. Any state wishing to review the new forms of these tests should contact their Client Relations Director. Regenerated tests include:

2011–12 Regenerated Test Schedule

New Test Title New Test Code Multistate Study Date Report Date Replaces Test Title Replaces Test Code Comments
Art: Content Knowledge 0134 November 2010 December 2010 Art: Content Knowledge 0133 States currently using 0133 will move to 0134.
Art: Content and Analysis 0135 November 2010 December 2010 Art Making

Art: Content, Traditions, Criticism, & Aesthetics

States currently using 0131 and/or 0132 with 0133 may now use 0135.

States using only 0133 see previous row.
Elementary Education: Instructional Practice and Applications 5015 August 2010 September 2010 Elementary Education: Content Area Exercises 0012 States currently using only 0011 and/or 0014 are unaffected.

States currently using 0012 with 0011 will now use 5015.
English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content and Analysis 0044 September 2010 October 2010 English Language, Literature, and Composition: Content Essays 0042 States currently using only 0041 are unaffected.

States currently using 0042 with 0041 may now use 0044.
Physical Education: Content and Design 0095 June 2010 July 2010 Physical Education: Movement Forms — Analysis and Design

Physical Education: Movement Forms — Video Analysis

States currently using only 0091 are unaffected.

States currently using 0091 with 0092 or 0093 may now use 0095.

States using 0092 and/or 0093 with 0856 should confer with their Client Relations Director to determine best course to follow.
Principles of Learning and Teaching: Early Childhood 0621 February 2011 March 2011 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Early Childhood 0521 States currently using 0521 will move to 0621.
Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K–6 0622 February 2011 March 2011 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K–6 0522 States currently using 0522 will move to 0622.
Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5–9 0623 January 2011 February 2011 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5–9 0523 States currently using 0523 will move to 0623.
Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 7–12 0624 January 2011 February 2011 Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 7–12 0524 States currently using 0524 will move to 0624.
Social Studies: Content and Interpretation 0086 July 2010 August 2010 Social Studies: Analytical Essays

Social Studies: Interpretation of Materials

Social Studies: Interpretation and Analysis


States currently using only 0081 are unaffected.

States currently using 0081 with 0082, 0083, and/or 0085 will now use 0086.
Technology Education 0051 September 2010 October 2010 Technology Education 0050 States currently using 0050 will move to 0051.

New Praxis Audiology Test with Standard Setting Study

In August, ETS will conduct a standard setting study on the regenerated Praxis Audiology test for the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). ASHA is the professional, scientific and credentialing association for 145,000 members and affiliates who are audiologists, speech-language pathologists and speech, language and hearing scientists.

The Praxis Audiology test is developed primarily for and with input from audiologists with subject matter expertise. ASHA uses the test as one of the requirements for their national certification, the ASHA Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology (CCC-A).

Members of the Praxis Audiology National Advisory Committee are nominated by ASHA and represent practitioners serving in private, clinical and school settings. This committee recently revised the test specifications based on a practice analysis (job analysis) conducted by ASHA. The revised test will be administered beginning November 2011.

Most state school personnel licensing agencies and state Boards of Examiners for audiology have adopted the ASHA passing score on the Praxis Audiology test as their score for state licensure. Continuing their past practice, ASHA has agreed to make their new Audiology Standard Setting Report available to all states and boards using these tests so these users can have a passing score in place for the first administration of the regenerated Audiology test in November 2011. The report will be available September 2011. The current Audiology test will not be administered after July 2011.

The new Audiology test will be code number 0341, and scores will be reported on the 100-200 scale. An advance copy of the new Audiology Test at a Glance (TAAG) will be available in June, and we encourage state users to distribute these to their preparation institutions. ETS will also distribute copies of this TAAG to each of the preparation programs listed in the Praxis Bulletin as score recipients or attending institutions for the Audiology/Speech Language Pathology tests.

If you have questions about this, please consult your Client Relations Director or call Florence Cucchi at 1-609-683-2147.

Regenerated Tests Moving to the Praxis Scale

The following three tests have also completed National Advisory Committee review, but content changes were not significant enough to require new standard setting studies. State passing standards will not change, but in an effort to keep all Praxis tests on the same reporting scale the reporting scale for these tests will change. States will be given the score equivalent to their current passing score but on a reporting scale of 100-200 rather than the 250-990 scale that is currently in place. Due to these changes, the test code for these tests will also change. These changes will not reflect any change in the state standard and merely move the existing score currently reported on a 250-990 scale to a scale of 100-200. The regenerated tests moving to the Praxis scale include:

State Customized Tests

Working with state-specific committees of practitioners, ETS has also developed the following customized tests, which will be administered for the first time during the 2011–12 testing year.





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Upcoming National Advisory Committees

Each Praxis test undergoes committee review on a five-year cycle. National Advisory Committees (NACs) composed of practicing professionals and faculty nominated by state and agency users convene to review these tests. When necessary, new job analyses are conducted to confirm the content of the tests as relevant to the job of the beginning professional. Test developers and committee members familiar with current national standards take care to have test specifications aligned to those standards.

Regeneration work will begin for several Praxis tests this coming year. We have asked client states to nominate practicing professionals and faculty to serve on the NACs that will convene to review and, if necessary, revise the exiting test specifications for the individual tests or series of tests listed below.

Test/Test Series Test Codes Nominee Registration Close Date National Advisory Committee Meeting
Reading Across the Curriculum: Elementary 0201 December 31, 2010 March 2011
Middle School English Language Arts 0049 January 13, 2011 April 2011
Family and Consumer Sciences 0121 February 21, 2011 May 2011
English Language, Literature, and Composition Series 0041, 0044 April 13, 2011 June 2011
Social Sciences: Content Knowledge (PA only) 0951 April 4, 2011 July 2011
Agriculture 0700, 0780, 0900 April 20, 2011 August 2011

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ETS® Data Manager for The Praxis Series™ Tests

In December 2010, ETS launched the ETS® Data Manager for The Praxis Series™ tests to our state and agency clients. The Data Manager is a powerful data analysis tool that allows users to analyze their Praxis data to gain insight into examinee performance and trends as well as data to inform program improvements. Access to the Data Manager is provided via the Internet from a secure website, making the tool accessible from the office, home or even a board meeting.

The tool consists of three parts, Quick Reports, Custom Reports and My Projects. In Quick Reports, users can access a variety of common reports that show data by testing year. All Quick Reports have data available year-to-date, so it is no longer necessary to wait for annual summary reporting; users can analyze data as the testing year progresses. For those needing more detailed analyses, Custom Reports provides users with the ability to create custom analyses as broad as multiple testing years or as granular as a single test administration month. The list of available variables is expanded, as is the list of available statistics. Custom Reports also provides a feature to add charts and graphs. All projects designed in Custom Reports can be saved for future use in My Projects. Development is on track for the second quarter release of the Data Manager to our institutional clients. Reference materials and further information regarding training opportunities for institutional clients will be sent out in the coming months. If you have any questions about the Data Manager, please contact your Client Relations Director or send an email to

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ETS Professional Licensure Project Kicks Off

Leaders from 11 states met at ETS from February 28 through March 2 in the first working session to develop, refine and study measures of teaching effectiveness that are appropriate components of a professional teaching license. Specifically under study are instruments that measure content knowledge for teaching and the quality of classroom practice based on live and recorded observations as well as artifacts of teaching (such as student work, teacher planning and reflection and teacher assignments).

ETS will collaborate with 13 states to help tailor a selection of measures to create or augment a professional licensure system that is likely to include additional state-specific requirements. ETS will also work with the participating states to understand how to best organize the administration and scoring of particular instruments. It is likely that solutions will involve distributed responsibilities. That is, ETS, states and school districts may each have some as yet undetermined responsibilities for administration, data collection and scoring for selected instruments.

Successful piloting will require not only further development and testing of instruments, but development and testing of technical and logistical processes. ETS will be considering partners who can support requisite technologies during and after the pilot and field testing.

Preparation of a funding proposal is currently underway, and various stages of tryouts, pilots and field testing are scheduled to begin in late 2011 and take place over the next three to four years. For more information about the Professional Licensure Project, please contact Susan Woodward at

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The Praxis Client Conference

This year’s Praxis Client Conference will be held May 2–5, 2011 at the Chauncey Conference Center located on the ETS campus in Princeton, NJ. The theme, Expect More, reflects our commitment to expanding services to meet clients’ specific needs and to our new and innovative advancements in test design. We can’t wait to show clients our plans for the next generation of The Praxis Series assessments, its alignment with Common Core Standards, how our research on teacher effectiveness is unfolding, what the future of scoring looks like and what our progress on professional licensure means for teaching quality. Discussions will also include perspectives on a multistate cut score, implications for changing Praxis I® tests, online teaching certification and accommodations for candidates with disabilities. Don’t miss this opportunity to join thought leaders from across the country as we move forward in this very exciting yet challenging time for education. Materials will be distributed in advance so clients may prepare questions and comments. Expect More!

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