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Interpret TOEFL® Scores

There is a score range for each skill measured on the test. There are 3 or 4 proficiency levels for each skill.

ETS administers some TOEFL iBT® test forms with 1 or more sections omitted. When 1 of these forms is administered, scores are given only for the sections that were included, and no total test score appears on the score report. If an institution receives such a score report and desires more information about the circumstances under which the test was administered, the institution should contact the test taker.

TOEFL iBT® Test Scores

View score descriptors.

SkillScore RangeLevel*
Reading 0–30 Low (0–14)
Intermediate (15–21)
High (22–30)
Listening 0–30 Low (0–14)
Intermediate (15–21)
High (22–30)
Speaking 0–30 Weak (0–9)
Limited (10–17)
Fair (18–25)
Good (26–30)
Writing 0–30 Limited (1–16)
Fair (17–23)
Good (24–30)
Total Score 0–120  

revised TOEFL® Paper-delivered Test Scores

For tests taken July 2017 or later.

SkillScore RangeLevel*
Reading 0–30 Low (0–14)
Intermediate (15–21)
High (22–30)
Listening 0–30 Low (0–14)
Intermediate (15–21)
High (22–30)
Writing 0–30 Limited (1–16)
Fair (17–23)
Good (24–30)

TOEFL® PBT Test Scores

For tests taken prior to July 2017.

SkillScore Range
Listening 31–68
Structure/Written Expression 31–68
Reading 31–67
Total Score 310–677

TWE® Scores

The TWE® test was a 30-minute writing test that was part of the TOEFL PBT test.

  • Test takers would write an essay on 1 topic.
  • The essay was rated for organization, development and support of a main idea (thesis); word choice; vocabulary; clarity; coherence; syntax; grammar; usage and style.
  • The TWE score was reported on a scale of 1 to 6 and printed in a separate box on the TOEFL PBT score report. It was not added to the total score.
  • A score between 2 points on the scale (5.5, 3.5) was also sometimes reported.

* Data taken from test taker score reports.

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ETS has long been at the forefront of combatting test security concerns. Our strategy is a 3-pronged approach of prevention, detection and communication, which is designed to protect the integrity of test scores.

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