Interpret Scores

There is a score range for each skill measured on the test. There are three or four proficiency levels for each skill.

ETS administers some test forms with one or more sections omitted. When one of these forms is administered, scores are given only for the sections that were included in the form, and no total test score appears on the score report. If an institution receives such a score report and desires more information about the circumstances under which the test was administered, the institution should contact the test taker.

TOEFL iBT® Test Scores

View score descriptors

Skill Score Range Level*
Reading 0–30 Low (0–14)
Intermediate (15–21)
High (22–30)
Listening 0–30 Low (0–14)
Intermediate (15–21)
High (22–30)
Speaking 0–4 points converted to 0–30 score scale Weak (0–9)
Limited (10–17)
Fair (18–25)
Good (26–30)
Writing 0–5 points converted to 0–30 score scale Limited (1–16)
Fair (17–23)
Good (24–30)
Total Score 0–120  

*Data taken from test taker score reports.


Skill Score Range
Listening 31–68
Structure/Written Expression 31–68
Reading 31–67
Total Score 310–677

TWE® Scores

The TWE® test is a 30-minute writing test and is part of the TOEFL PBT, which is administered in a paper-delivered format.

  • Test takers write an essay on one topic.
  • The essay is rated for organization, development and support of a main idea (thesis); word choice; vocabulary; clarity; coherence; syntax; grammar; usage and style.
  • The TWE score is reported on a scale of 1 to 6 and printed in a separate box on the TOEFL score report. It is not added to the TOEFL score.
  • A score between 2 points on the scale (5.5, 3.5) can also be reported.

See also:

TOEFL Institutions

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4 out of 5 Institutions Prefer the TOEFL Test

Among admissions officers surveyed, and who expressed a preference*, four out of five prefer the TOEFL test.

* Source: Survey of 263 admissions officers at U.S. universities, of which 212 accept both the TOEFL test and the IELTS™ test and 152 state a preference.

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