TOEFL Junior® Comprehensive Test Score Descriptors

Reading Comprehension Section

A typical student who scores between 157 and 160 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas in non-academic and academic texts, including ones that are not explicitly stated
  • Accurately comprehend important details in non-academic and academic texts, including texts with a high level of linguistic complexity
  • Effectively make inferences when reading, including inferences needed to understand why an author includes certain information (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) from non-academic and academic texts
  • Usually infer the attitude or point of view of a character in a fictional story
  • Usually understand figurative language and determine the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context, even in linguistically complex academic texts

A typical student who scores between 151 and 156 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas that are explicitly stated in non-academic and academic texts
  • Usually identify important details in non-academic and academic texts, even when the context is not always clear and the vocabulary may be unfamiliar
  • Sometimes make inferences accurately, including inferences needed to understand why an author includes certain information (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) from non-academic and academic texts
  • Usually identify events and plotlines in a fictional narrative
  • Usually determine the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context in simply constructed texts

A typical student who scores between 143 and 150 can do all of the following.

  • Sometimes identify main ideas that are explicitly stated in non-academic texts
  • Sometimes identify basic details in non-academic and academic texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Usually locate basic information in nonlinear texts, such as schedules and menus that use everyday, non-academic vocabulary
  • Sometimes make simple inferences from straightforward non-academic texts
  • Sometimes determine the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context in simply constructed non-academic texts

A typical student who scores below 143 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Identifying main ideas and important details in texts written in simple, clear language
  • Making inferences based on texts written in simple, clear language
  • Locating basic information in nonlinear reading materials such as schedules, menus, etc.
  • Determining the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context

Listening Comprehension Section

A typical student who scores between 157 and 160 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas, whether they are clearly stated or implied, in both academic and non-academic extended spoken texts
  • Identify important details in both academic and non-academic extended spoken texts
  • Make inferences based on a speaker's intonation or stress
  • Usually understand idiomatic language used in longer, more complex speech
  • Understand how information is being used by a speaker (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) in academic and non-academic extended spoken texts

A typical student who scores between 150 and 156 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas that are explicitly stated in academic and non-academic extended spoken texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Identify important details in academic and non-academic extended spoken texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Make inferences from short spoken texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Understand some common idioms used in moderately complex speech
  • Understand how information is being used by a speaker (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) when the context is familiar

A typical student who scores between 143 and 149 can do all of the following.

  • Understand the main idea of a brief classroom announcement if it is explicitly stated
  • Understand important details that are explicitly stated and reinforced in short talks and conversations
  • Understand direct paraphrases of spoken information when the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Understand a speaker's purpose in a short talk when the language is simple and the context is clear

A typical student who scores below 143 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Understanding the main ideas and important details of announcements, short talks and simple conversations
  • Understanding a speaker's purpose in a short talk when the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Paraphrasing spoken information when the language is simple and the context is clear

Speaking Section

A typical student who scores between 14 and 16 can do all of the following.

  • Almost always speak in a fluent and sustained way
  • Almost always use intonation effectively
  • Produce speech that is always understandable to listeners, with only minor errors in pronunciation
  • Almost always produce vocabulary and grammar that is accurate, varied and effective, with only a few errors
  • Tell a complete and coherent story with elaboration and detail
  • Understand and accurately convey all main ideas and supporting details from an academic lecture, with almost no omissions

A typical student who scores between 11 and 13 can do all of the following.

  • Usually speak in a fluent and sustained way, with some stops or hesitations
  • Usually use intonation effectively
  • Produce speech that is usually understandable to listeners, but with some pronunciation errors
  • Usually produce vocabulary and grammar that is accurate and effective, although with some errors
  • Tell a story that is mostly complete and coherent, although some details are inaccurate or left out
  • Understand and convey main ideas from an academic lecture, although some supporting details may be left out or inaccurate

A typical student who scores between 8 and 10 can do all of the following.

  • Speak fluently for a few brief stretches
  • Sometimes use intonation effectively
  • Produce speech that is at times understandable to listeners, but with obvious pronunciation errors
  • Often produce basic vocabulary and simple grammatical structures
  • Tell a limited story, occasionally providing details
  • Understand and convey limited information from an academic lecture, but probably leave out many supporting details

A typical student who scores below 8 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Speaking fluently for at least a few brief stretches
  • Using intonation effectively
  • Producing speech that is understandable to listeners
  • Producing basic vocabulary and simple grammatical structures
  • Telling a story with some details
  • Understanding and conveying some information from an academic lecture

Writing Section

A typical student who scores between 13 and 16 can do all of the following.

  • Recognize and correct nearly all errors identified in a written text
  • Produce simple and complex sentences accurately
  • Provide answers to informal questions, and the answers are clear, complete and appropriate
  • Express an opinion on a school-related topic, almost always with substantial detail and development
  • Understand and accurately convey all main ideas and supporting details from an academic lecture, with almost no omissions

A typical student who scores between 10 and 12 can do all of the following.

  • Recognize and correct most errors identified in a written text
  • Produce some complex sentences, although with occasional vocabulary and grammar errors
  • Usually provide answers to informal questions, and the answers are clear and appropriate
  • Express an opinion on a school-related topic, usually with some development
  • Understand and convey main ideas from an academic lecture, although some details may be left out or inaccurate

A typical student who scores between 6 and 9 can do all of the following.

  • Recognize and correct simple errors identified in a written text
  • Produce basic, simple sentences, although with some vocabulary and grammar errors
  • Provide basic answers to informal questions, although sometimes the answers are unclear
  • Express an opinion on a school-related topic, although with little development
  • Understand and convey a few main ideas from an academic lecture, but probably leave out many supporting details

A typical student who scores below 6 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Recognizing and correcting simple errors identified in a written text
  • Producing simple sentences
  • Providing basic answers to informal questions
  • Expressing and developing an opinion on a school-related topic
  • Understanding and conveying some information from an academic lecture
 

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