TOEFL Junior® Comprehensive Test Score Descriptions

Section-level "Can Do" Statements

Listening Comprehension Section

A typical student who scores between 157 and 160 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas, whether they are clearly stated or implied, in both academic and nonacademic extended spoken texts
  • Identify important details in both academic and nonacademic extended spoken texts
  • Make inferences based on a speaker's intonation or stress
  • Usually understand idiomatic language used in longer, more complex speech
  • Understand how information is being used by a speaker (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) in academic and nonacademic extended spoken texts

A typical student who scores between 150 and 156 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas that are explicitly stated in academic and nonacademic extended spoken texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Identify important details in academic and nonacademic extended spoken texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Make inferences from short spoken texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Understand some common idioms used in moderately complex speech
  • Understand how information is being used by a speaker (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) when the context is familiar

A typical student who scores between 143 and 149 can do all of the following.

  • Understand the main idea of a brief classroom announcement if it is explicitly stated
  • Understand important details that are explicitly stated and reinforced in short talks and conversations
  • Understand direct paraphrases of spoken information when the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Understand a speaker's purpose in a short talk when the language is simple and the context is clear

A typical student who scores below 143 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Understanding the main ideas and important details of announcements, short talks and simple conversations
  • Understanding a speaker's purpose in a short talk when the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Paraphrasing spoken information when the language is simple and the context is clear

Reading Comprehension Section

A typical student who scores between 157 and 160 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas in nonacademic and academic texts, including ones that are not explicitly stated
  • Accurately comprehend important details in nonacademic and academic texts, including texts with a high level of linguistic complexity
  • Effectively make inferences when reading, including inferences needed to understand why an author includes certain information (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) from nonacademic and academic texts
  • Usually infer the attitude or point of view of a character in a fictional story
  • Usually understand figurative language and determine the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context, even in linguistically complex academic texts

A typical student who scores between 151 and 156 can do all of the following.

  • Understand main ideas that are explicitly stated in nonacademic and academic texts
  • Usually identify important details in nonacademic and academic texts, even when the context is not always clear and the vocabulary may be unfamiliar
  • Sometimes make inferences accurately, including inferences needed to understand why an author includes certain information (e.g., to make a comparison or to provide evidence to support an argument) from nonacademic and academic texts
  • Usually identify events and plotlines in a fictional narrative
  • Usually determine the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context in simply constructed texts

A typical student who scores between 143 and 150 can do all of the following.

  • Sometimes identify main ideas that are explicitly stated in nonacademic texts
  • Sometimes identify basic details in nonacademic and academic texts where the language is simple and the context is clear
  • Usually locate basic information in nonlinear texts, such as schedules and menus that use everyday, nonacademic vocabulary
  • Sometimes make simple inferences from straightforward nonacademic texts
  • Sometimes determine the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context in simply constructed nonacademic texts

A typical student who scores below 143 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Identifying main ideas and important details in texts written in simple, clear language
  • Making inferences based on texts written in simple, clear language
  • Locating basic information in nonlinear reading materials such as schedules, menus, etc.
  • Determining the meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary words from context

Speaking Section

A typical student who scores between 14 and 16 can do all of the following.

  • Almost always speak in a fluent and sustained way
  • Almost always use intonation effectively
  • Produce speech that is always understandable to listeners, with only minor errors in pronunciation
  • Almost always produce vocabulary and grammar that is accurate, varied and effective, with only a few errors
  • Tell a complete and coherent story with elaboration and detail
  • Understand and accurately convey all main ideas and supporting details from an academic lecture, with almost no omissions

A typical student who scores between 11 and 13 can do all of the following.

  • Usually speak in a fluent and sustained way, with some stops or hesitations
  • Usually use intonation effectively
  • Produce speech that is usually understandable to listeners, but with some pronunciation errors
  • Usually produce vocabulary and grammar that is accurate and effective, although with some errors
  • Tell a story that is mostly complete and coherent, although some details are inaccurate or left out
  • Understand and convey main ideas from an academic lecture, although some supporting details may be left out or inaccurate

A typical student who scores between 8 and 10 can do all of the following.

  • Speak fluently for a few brief stretches
  • Sometimes use intonation effectively
  • Produce speech that is at times understandable to listeners, but with obvious pronunciation errors
  • Often produce basic vocabulary and simple grammatical structures
  • Tell a limited story, occasionally providing details
  • Understand and convey limited information from an academic lecture, but probably leave out many supporting details

A typical student who scores below 8 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Speaking fluently for at least a few brief stretches
  • Using intonation effectively
  • Producing speech that is understandable to listeners
  • Producing basic vocabulary and simple grammatical structures
  • Telling a story with some details
  • Understanding and conveying some information from an academic lecture

Writing Section

A typical student who scores between 13 and 16 can do all of the following.

  • Recognize and correct nearly all errors identified in a written text
  • Produce simple and complex sentences accurately
  • Provide answers to informal questions, and the answers are clear, complete and appropriate
  • Express an opinion on a school-related topic, almost always with substantial detail and development
  • Understand and accurately convey all main ideas and supporting details from an academic lecture, with almost no omissions

A typical student who scores between 10 and 12 can do all of the following.

  • Recognize and correct most errors identified in a written text
  • Produce some complex sentences, although with occasional vocabulary and grammar errors
  • Usually provide answers to informal questions, and the answers are clear and appropriate
  • Express an opinion on a school-related topic, usually with some development
  • Understand and convey main ideas from an academic lecture, although some details may be left out or inaccurate

A typical student who scores between 6 and 9 can do all of the following.

  • Recognize and correct simple errors identified in a written text
  • Produce basic, simple sentences, although with some vocabulary and grammar errors
  • Provide basic answers to informal questions, although sometimes the answers are unclear
  • Express an opinion on a school-related topic, although with little development
  • Understand and convey a few main ideas from an academic lecture, but probably leave out many supporting details

A typical student who scores below 6 may need to develop the following skills.

  • Recognizing and correcting simple errors identified in a written text
  • Producing simple sentences
  • Providing basic answers to informal questions
  • Expressing and developing an opinion on a school-related topic
  • Understanding and conveying some information from an academic lecture

Overall Level Descriptors

The TOEFL Junior Comprehensive test assesses language skills representative of middle schools that use English for instruction.

Level Label Overall Performance Descriptor
6 Excellent A typical student at Level 6 consistently demonstrates the skills needed to communicate at a high level in complex interactions and while using complex materials.
5 Advanced A typical student at Level 5 often demonstrates the skills needed to communicate at a high level in complex interactions and while using complex materials.
4 Competent A typical student at Level 4 demonstrates the skills needed to communicate successfully in some complex situations and in most simple interactions and while using basic materials.
3 Achieving A typical student at Level 3 usually demonstrates the skills needed to communicate successfully in simple interactions and while using basic materials.
2 Developing A typical student at Level 2 occasionally demonstrates the skills needed to communicate successfully in simple interactions and while using basic materials.
1 Beginning A typical student at Level 1 demonstrates some basic language skills but needs to further develop those skills in order to communicate successfully.
 

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