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Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR)

TOEFL Junior® scores are mapped to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) so you can use them for international benchmarking of your students’ English proficiency levels.

The CEFR is a widely-used tool for understanding different stages of language learning. It covers 6 proficiency levels: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2, with C2 being the highest level. The performance descriptors for the TOEFL Junior Speaking test are adapted from the CEFR level descriptors to reflect the TOEFL Junior test content and the age range of the test takers. The TOEFL Junior Speaking scores cover 4 proficiency levels.

Score Levels

The table below shows the TOEFL Junior Speaking scores mapped to their respective CEFR levels.

SectionCEFR Level Below A2CEFR Level A2CEFR Level B1CEFR Level B2
Speaking 1–7 8–10 11–13 14–16

CEFR Mapping Studies

In 2010, a standard-setting study was conducted by ETS researchers to map TOEFL Junior Standard test scores to the CEFR. The purpose of the study was to provide policymakers with recommended minimum scale scores (cut scores) for the Listening Comprehension, Language Form and Meaning, and Reading Comprehension sections. As a result of additional research, the TOEFL Junior Standard cut scores for CEFR levels A2, B1 and B2 were revised in October 2012. Research for recommended minimum scores for TOEFL Junior Speaking was also conducted in 2012.

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