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TOEFL Primary® Reading and Listening Test — Step 1 Level Proficiency Descriptors

Reading Comprehension

LevelAbilities
4 Out of 4 Stars
4 Out of 4 Stars
Students understand short descriptions, information in signs and short messages.
They can:
  • Understand common words and some less common words about objects, places, people, actions and ideas (examples: ring, adventures, whisper, double)
  • Comprehend the meaning of complex sentences (examples: This is a friendly thing to do when you say goodbye. People do this when they talk quietly.)
  • Connect information in longer sentences and across different sentences to infer information, identify main ideas and understand the meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Locate key information in texts
3 Out of 4 Stars
3 Out of 4 Stars
Students understand short descriptions and find information in signs, forms and schedules.
They can:
  • Understand common words and social expressions (examples: play a game, go to a museum, wave goodbye)
  • Comprehend simple descriptions of current and past events (examples: The mouse is on top of the table. He is washing his hands.)
  • Recognize relationships among words and phrases within familiar categories (examples: food, fruit, strawberries; rain, sky, clouds; one more time, again)
  • Make connections across simple sentences (example: Clouds are in the sky. Rain comes from them. Sometimes they cover the sun.)
2 Out of 4 Stars
2 Out of 4 Stars
Students begin to understand words and some short descriptions.
They can:
  • Understand common words in familiar categories such as home, school, family, colors, body parts, animals and actions
  • Recognize key words for understanding simple sentences; understand everyday actions in the present (examples: The children play. She is eating.)
1 Out of 4 Stars
1 Out of 4 Stars
Students begin to recognize some basic words.
They may be able to:
  • Identify basic vocabulary with visual support

Listening Comprehension

LevelAbilities
4 Out of 4 Stars
4 Out of 4 Stars
Students understand simple descriptions, instructions, conversations and messages.
They can:
  • Understand less common words that describe familiar topics, settings and actions (examples: pocket, pour, lamp, branch)
  • Understand indirect responses to questions in conversations
  • Understand messages in which information is not explicitly stated
  • Connect information to infer the main idea or topic of messages, stories and informational texts
  • Synthesize information from multiple locations in a longer, spoken text
3 Out of 4 Stars
3 Out of 4 Stars
Students understand short, simple descriptions, conversations and messages.
They can:
  • Understand common expressions used in everyday conversations
  • Understand a simple, single instruction spoken in familiar words, with key words repeated
  • Understand the purpose of messages in which key information is repeated
  • Understand the main ideas of simple stories in which key information is explicitly stated and repeated
2 Out of 4 Stars
2 Out of 4 Stars
Students begin to recognize some familiar words in speech.
They can:
  • Understand words for objects and people in familiar categories such as school, home, family, colors, body parts and animals
  • Recognize action words in simple sentences (examples: The children play. He is eating.)
1 Out of 4 Stars
1 Out of 4 Stars
Students begin to recognize some familiar words in speech such as words for objects, places and people.
They may be able to:
  • Understand familiar words with visual support

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