- Score Reporting
- Confidentiality and Authenticity of GRE® Scores
- Protecting the Integrity of GRE Tests
- Cancellation of Scores by ETS
- Revising Reported Scores
With the ScoreSelect® option, test takers who retake a GRE test can decide which GRE scores to send to designated institutions. This option is available for both the GRE® General Test and the GRE Subject Tests and can be used by anyone with reportable scores from the last five years. Scores for a test administration must be reported in their entirety. Institutions receive score reports that show the scores that test takers selected to send to them. There are no special notations to indicate whether or not other GRE tests have been taken. Learn more about ScoreSelect.
GRE score reporting policies have been adopted by the GRE Board to encourage the appropriate use of GRE scores and to protect the right of individuals to control the distribution of their own score reports. Current GRE Board policy states that for tests taken on or after July 1, 2016, scores are reportable for five years following the individual's test date. For tests taken prior to July 1, 2016, scores are reportable for five years following the testing year in which the individual tested. Departments and programs should not use scores that are older than five years due to changes in ability that may occur over extended periods of time.
Score reports are sent to test takers and to institutions of higher education granting the baccalaureate or higher degrees, to approved graduate fellowship-granting sponsors designated by the test takers and to vendors the score recipients might designate to process the scores they receive. Score reports are also available to approved GRE score recipients in the ETS® Data Manager.
Score reports for the computer-delivered GRE General Test are sent to institutions and available in the ETS Data Manager approximately 10–15 days after the test date. Score reports for the paper-delivered GRE General Test and Subject Tests are sent to institutions and available in the ETS Data Manager approximately five weeks after the test date.
Confidentiality of GRE Scores
The GRE Program recognizes the right of institutions as well as individuals to privacy with regard to information supplied by and about them. ETS therefore safeguards from unauthorized disclosure all information stored in its data or research files. Information about an institution (identified by name) will be released only in a manner consistent with a prior agreement, or with the consent of the institution.
Protecting the Integrity of GRE Tests
ETS employs a three-pronged approach of prevention, detection and communication to ensure the validity of test scores.
ETS has procedures in place to prevent testing and scoring fraud. These can be seen from the test design right through to the score reporting process, including using the highest standards to create and deliver test content, establishing secure test centers, ensuring the training of test center administrators, instituting and enforcing test-taker rules and requirements, and maintaining the quality of scoring and score reporting through extensive training of GRE raters, as well as security measures implemented for the paper score reports.
In addition, ETS is vigilant in identifying and taking action against fraudulent activity. All reported incidents of fraud are taken seriously and investigated thoroughly by the ETS Office of Testing Integrity. Statistical analysis methods are also used to help ensure that valid scores are reported. The ETS Statistical Analysis team monitors score trends by test center, country and region and reports any suspicious anomalies to the Office of Testing Integrity for review. In terms of communication, ETS will continue to inform institutions that are designated score recipients when scores have been cancelled. In addition, any concerns regarding test results can be reported to ETS and will be investigated.
Cancellation of Scores by ETS
ETS strives to report scores that accurately reflect the performance of every test taker. Accordingly, ETS's standards and procedures for administering tests have two primary goals: giving test takers equivalent opportunities to demonstrate their abilities and preventing any test takers from gaining an unfair advantage over others. To promote these objectives, ETS reserves the right to cancel any test score, whether or not it has already been reported, and to take such other actions as ETS deems appropriate, including banning the test taker from future tests and referring the matter to law enforcement authorities, when in ETS's judgment, a testing irregularity occurs; there is an apparent discrepancy in a test taker's identification; the test taker may have engaged in misconduct, including without limitation having someone else take the test for him/her, obtaining improper access to test questions or answers, disclosing test questions or answers to third parties, plagiarism, or copying or communication; or the score is invalid for another reason. ETS reserves the right to share any and all information in its possession about a test taker and the terms and conditions of test taking with (a) any entity which ETS recognizes as an authorized user of test scores, including without limitation any entity to which ETS reports test scores at the test taker's request, and (b) any government agency with responsibility for administration or enforcement of U.S. criminal and/or immigration laws. When ETS cancels a test score that has already been reported, it notifies score recipients that the score has been canceled and may also explain why the score has been canceled.
For additional security questions, or concerns, please call the ETS Office of Testing Integrity at 1-800-750-6991 (United States, U.S. Territories, and Canada) or 1-609-406-5430 (all other locations).
Revising Reported Scores
ETS routinely follows extensive review and quality control procedures to detect and avoid flawed questions and consequent errors in scoring. Nonetheless, occasionally an error is discovered after scores have been reported. Whenever this happens, the specific circumstances are reviewed carefully, and a decision is made about how best to take corrective action that is fairest to all concerned. Revised scores reported during the current year are reported directly to graduate schools, business schools and graduate fellowship sponsors as well as to students because such scores are likely to be part of current applications for admission. Revisions to scores reported in the previous five years are sent to the affected students, who may request that ETS send the revised scores to any graduate school, business and law schools or fellowship sponsors still considering their applications.
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