When walking into the RISE camp classroom where children were reading with the Relay Reader app, a surreal moment occurred — children reading aloud into their tablets with their masks on.
This was a sign of the times in this corner of our pandemic-stricken world. While it might still be visually jarring to see a person talk into their personal mobile device through a mask, the masks mostly do not interfere with the machine’s ability to recognize the speech, according to recent research from ETS.
The activity proceeded apace — children were taking turns reading with adult narrators of the electronic audiobooks in the Relay Reader library, different students reading different stories, each on their own tablet. The reading activity room served multiple age-based groups of children between 8 and 12 years old, in 30-minute sessions. Based on data from the app, The Adventures of Pinocchio was the favorite pick, while Baum’s The Wizard of Oz, Hawthorne’s Gorgon’s Head, Grimm Brothers’ Hansel and Gretel, Andersen’s The Emperor’s New Clothes and Conan Doyle’s The Adventure of the Speckled Band also found their readers.
Jill Lee-You, the Director of the RISE Summer Academic Enrichment Camp, is thankful to ETS for “providing the scholars the opportunity to access some awesome books” via the app and helping “encourage literacy, vocabulary, fluency and comprehension.” She also noted that the individual reading activity allowed students who are more introverted, shy or socially insecure to shine and be recognized for their enthusiasm for stories and reading, based on reports on the Relay Reader app activity received by the instructors. The sense of inclusion resulting from being spotlighted for excelling in an activity that the whole class engages in (each student individually, without social pressure) can provide a much-needed boost to the child’s confidence and social and emotional well-being.
For example, one young boy started out disengaged in camp and often carried his own tablet around. However, he put his tablet away for the Kindle Fire® 7 tablet provided by ETS for Relay Reading and stunned his parents and teacher with the extent of his engagement in the activity. Recognizing him for this in front of his peers has worked a miracle — the child went on to participate enthusiastically in sports and social activities that he had shunned before and was caught on camera with a huge grin.
In a time where students may be disengaged and avoid extended reading, it is a heartening story. According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, 67% of Grade 4 students in American public schools reported spending less than 30 minutes per day reading independently. Actual log data from various reading systems suggest that average reading time may be as low as 15 minutes per day. Either way, many students do not have the sufficient exposure to written language that is critical for their development. The Relay Reader app provides students with access to high-quality text that is necessary for language development while also empowering young learners, such as the example above, to develop more confidence and a passion for reading.
Moving forward, we intend to add more stories to the app for younger readers, such as stories from Cricket®, a publisher of an illustrated literary magazine for children, as well as additional classics. We also continue engaging with readers — the Relay Reader app will be offered to students participating in the N.J. Tutoring Corps program. We also have a lot of research work to do to support readers and teachers, examining the development of the students’ reading skills as they read the stories, as well as the dynamics of attention and engagement.
Our research findings are available at relayreader.org/research.
Beata Beigman Klebanov is a senior research scientist at ETS. Tenaha O’Reilly is a managing principal research scientist at ETS.