ETS collaborates with states and educator preparation programs (EPPs) to help determine which assessments best suit their program completion and licensure needs. While each state may follow its own specific process and regulations, the following is meant to provide a general overview of the process.
The Adoption Process
ETS begins by working with states to identify the needs. Considerations that may be discussed include:
- the standards for the licensure area
- the aspects of the standards that need to be tested (e.g., content or pedagogy)
- whether the assessment would be used for licensure or program completion
The state, in consultation with ETS, determines its requirements, including when the performance assessment and passing score will become effective and what needs to be done within that timeframe.
ETS conducts various webinars and/or face-to-face meetings to assist the state in informing all stakeholders of how the assessment will be implemented at the EPP level.
To set a passing score, the state may refer to the multistate standard-setting study and/or request that ETS conduct a formal, site-based review of the study.
Once the state determines what is required and when, it announces the new assessment requirements, effective date and passing score to all stakeholders. ETS provides ongoing support to states and EPP faculty to ensure ease of implementation.
Multistate Standard-Setting Studies
The ETS Multistate Standard-Setting Study process assists states when new and regenerated tests require new passing scores. This approach, designed by ETS researchers, convenes practitioner panels to recommend a passing score for states to consider. The panels simulate a test-taking experience before recommending a passing score. They also confirm that the content is important and relevant to entry-level practice. Multistate Standard-Setting Studies:
- reduce the state burden of recruiting educators
- gain greater educator input into the passing score recommendation — up to 50 educators
- provide a more efficient process for moving states from old to new tests
- allow for multiple rounds of panel judgments, feedback and discussion
- add support for states seeking greater interstate portability
Each state maintains valuable control by setting its own passing score, while the Multistate Standard-Setting Study provides practitioner judgments and documentation to inform that decision.
For the PPAT® assessment, ETS convened a panel of both EPP faculty and K–12 teachers to discuss the characteristics of high-quality student teaching and to recommend a passing score.
Contact us today to learn more about the PPAT assessment and how to begin using it as part of your state's education program and licensure requirements.
Collaborating for Success: How to Use the PPAT Assessment to Support Teacher Candidates
Watch a panel of education professionals discuss the need for, the utility of, and the implementation of performance assessments. (1hr.)
An Effective Measurement
Watch State Teachers of the Year share their opinions about the PPAT assessment and how it incorporates the necessary elements to measure teacher candidate effectiveness. (3 mins., 4 secs.)