The Praxis® Tests
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Standard-setting studies product passing score recommendations and produce serve two purposes.
First, they are designed to identify the level of knowledge for a test taker to be considered minimally qualified for independent, beginning practice. The level of knowledge is represented by a minimum test score that test takers need to achieve.
Second, the studies are designed to reconfirm the relevance (validity) of the test content for teachers in the adopting state.
Different standard-setting approaches are used for different test structures. ETS recommends and implements a modified Angoff method for selected-response (SR) items and a Benchmark method for constructed-response (CR) items.
One or more ETS standard-setting specialists conduct and facilitate each standard-setting study. For each study, a technical report is produced that describes the selection and representativeness of the participants involved and summarizes the standard-setting methods and results.
When a state chooses to adopt a test, the state either conducts a state-specific standard-setting study or participates in a multistate standard-setting study.
Both kinds of standard-setting studies:
Learn more about the multistate standard-setting study process.
Read more about multistate standard-setting studies in Setting Standards on The Praxis Series® Tests: A Multistate Approach (PDF).
For questions or further information, please contact your Client Relations Director at PraxisClientRelations@ets.org.