Yoko Futagi is a senior capability implementation manager in the AI Research Labs in the Research & Development division at ETS. Since joining ETS in 2001 as a senior research associate, she has worked on various projects related to natural language processing, including collocation detection. As a capability implementation manager, she currently manages a wide variety of operational implementation processes of automated scoring capabilities, including the e-rater® and the c-rater® automated scoring engines. She received a Ph.D. in linguistics from Rutgers University in 2004. She received an M.A. in English teaching and a B.A. in English language from the International Christian University in Tokyo.