Michael T. Kane is the Messick Chair in Validity at ETS, a position he has held since 2009. He served as director of research at the National Conference of Bar Examiners from September of 2001 to August of 2009. From 1991 to 2001, he was a professor in the School of Education at the University of Wisconsin where he taught measurement theory and practice in the department of kinesiology. From 1982 to 1991, he served as a vice president for research and development and as a senior research scientist at American College Testing in Iowa City. He served as director of test development at the National League for Nursing from 1976 to 1982. His main research interests are validity theory and practice, generalizability theory, licensure and certification testing, and standard setting. He holds a Ph.D. in education and an M.S. in statistics from Stanford University and a B.S. and an M.A. in physics from Manhattan College and SUNY, Stony Brook, respectively.