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Constructed-Response Test Questions: Why We Use Them; How We Score Them

Author(s):
Livingston, Samuel A.
Publication Year:
2009
Report Number:
RDC-11
Source:
R&D Connections, n11, Sep 2009
Document Type:
Periodical
Page Count:
8
Subject/Key Words:
Analytic Scoring Automated Scoring Systems Constructed-Response Items c-rater Electronic Essay Rater (E-rater) Holistic Scoring m-rater Multiple-Choice Items Research & Development Division (R&D) SpeechRater

Abstract

This article explains the advantages and limitations of constructed-response test items. It also discusses some methods of scoring such items. The article is the 11th in ETS’s R&D Connections series.

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